Can Breast Implants Raise a Low Nipple Areola Complex?

A youthful, cosmetically ideal breast has a nipple areola complex diameter of about 38-42mm.  Some breasts have large areolas from the time that they develop during puberty, and some enlarge later in life with pregnancy and breastfeeding. A large areola tends to make a breast look ’matronly’ even if it is not sagging. Nipple-areola complex diameter can definitely be reduced or enlarged, and this can be performed as a stand-alone procedure or as part of any breast enhancement procedure such as a lift, augmentation or reduction.

An attractive, well-positioned, and proportionate nipple areola complex is an important goal for many women looking to achieve a beautiful breast appearance. This small area of a woman’s anatomy can have a big impact on her satisfaction with her breasts. Women who are unhappy with the appearance of their nipple areola complexes, can have them corrected either alone or in combination with any breast enhancement procedure.

Breast augmentation with breast implants will not necessarily raise the nipple areola complex position in sagging breasts and in fact in some cases may make the areola larger. There are techniques to allow the implant to fall into the lower pole of the breast to create the illusion of lifting with more of the breast volume sitting lower on the chest. This is where using a tear drop (anatomical) breast implant can help as it creates a” bucket-handle” effect on the nipple areola complex.

The submuscular (below the muscle) breast implants are” innocent bystanders” to whatever happens to the breasts, as they are really chest wall implants that simply push the breasts forward. The submuscular breast implants are supported by the overlying pectoralis major muscles. In contrast, subglandular (above the muscle) breast implants are more likely to fall with pregnancy or weight loss, as they are supported only by the overlying breast tissues.

A periareolar (around the areola) or circumvertical (lollipop type) breast lifts are reasonable choices to reduce the nipple areola complex size and raise its position on the breast. These techniques reliably elevate the breast while keeping scars to a minimum. These breast lifts are desirable because of the nipple position (usually at or below the breast fold) and because of breast sagging. Neither nipple areola complex position nor breast sagging would be corrected with breast implants alone. “Blowing up the balloon” with larger breast implants will only create excessively large, still very saggy breasts. Reshaping the breast and elevating the nipple areola complex and breast back up onto the chest will play an important role in helping one achieve a cosmetically pleasing result.

Most plastic surgeons have a clear policy defining the financial responsibility of the surgeon and the patient in case of complications involving breast lifts, both short and long term. The policy should be made clear to each patient before surgery. It may differ from surgeon to surgeon with the majority of surgeons not charging their fee for reoperating on the patient but the patient having to pay the facility and anaesthesia costs.

Many women feel uncomfortable with their breasts their whole life because they had ’droopy’ or enlarged nipples or areolas that looked abnormal. A small surgical procedure to enhance the nipple areola complex can be extremely important for a woman’s self-esteem and self-image.

Question: Does it matter to you whether the nipple areola complex is proportionate to the remaining breast? You can leave a comment below.

 

Watch Dr Tim on Channel 7’s Sunrise morning show, discussing with the crew about the new Brazilian Butt Lift (BBL) task force he is heading up. The task force is investigating the risks associated with the BBL procedure as well as improving patient safety.

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There are many reasons why women seek breast augmentation. Some women feel that increasing their breast size will give them greater self-confidence. Others would like to feel more proportional between their top and bottom so they fit better into their clothing. Mothers frequently seek breast augmentation to restore what was lost with breastfeeding and ageing. Supporting loose skin and giving upper breast fullness are also common reasons for choosing breast enlargement.

Good communication with patients in breast augmentation is key. There’s a need to review their medical histories and ask patients what their goals are for breast augmentation. In some cases, it is a modest increase in size to fit better in their clothing. Other times it’s a significant increase in volume to change their look. A patient may desire an improved breast shape or, possibly, better symmetry is their goal. Still others may want to restore their pre-pregnancy figure and may choose to combine their augmentation with a breast lift or other procedures.

On examining the patient, one needs to consider many features including breast volume, width, height, nipple position, areola size, ribcage curvature, skin tone, droopiness, asymmetry, and crease position. Breasts are highly variable, and I help the patient understand what their best options are based on their physical characteristics. We then come to a common agreement about what our goal will be. Remember, that “breast are sisters, not twins” so more often than not there is quite some variation between the two breasts so you can’t expect a perfect match following breast augmentation.

When the patient returns for their pre-operative visit, typically 1-3 weeks before surgery, I have them look through many digital photographs of breasts to show me their desired result. If there is a discrepancy between what we have discussed and what the patient is showing me with pictures, I’ll identify the difference and sort out what they really want, often using the 3D VECTRA which can simulate what the breasts may look like after augmentation. At the end of our meeting, I’m fairly confident that I understand what the patient desires. Likewise, the patient feels comfortable with our communication and our plan.

The photographs are then brought with me to the operating room. When the patient is asleep, I create the pockets for the implants on each of the breasts, and I occasionally use implant sizers to confirm the volume and shape of the optimal breast implants for the patient. Most patients are back to work and most of their usual routine in several days or up to a week. Strenuous exercise should be avoided for several weeks.

To learn more about breast augmentations, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Laser Hair Removal Mythconceptions

There is no such thing as a single “best” laser for hair removal on all patients.  The best laser for laser hair removal for each person really depends on his or her skin colour. Thus, multiple lasers exist for hair removal. Different laser types, which emit distinct wavelengths of light, are better for treating different skin types. There are a number of manufacturers that make these laser types:

  • Alexandrite lasers. These emit laser light at 755 nm. These lasers work best on lighter skin. In my opinion,  it has been the most impressive laser for hair removal for light to olive skin types.
  • Diode Lasers.  These emit light at a wavelength of 810  nm.  Lighter skin types do well with this type of laser, as do some darker skin types.
  • Nd: YAG lasers.  These emit a 1064 nm wavelength.  This laser is best for darker skin types, as the higher wavelength reaches deeper into the skin.  This helps to avoid superficial skin melanin,  which pigments our skin.
  • IPL or  Intense  Pulsed  Light. It has been used for hair removal.  Lasers emit light at one wavelength (like laser pointers in PowerPoint presentations).  IPL machines produce a range of wavelengths  (like the cone of light from a torch one sees in cartoons) and are not lasers.  So,  there  is  no  such  thing  as  an  “IPL  laser”  or  “IPL laser  hair  removal”-  it’s  a  marketing  ploy  for  businesses  that  have  IPL  machines  and  not  hair  removal  lasers (the  only  exception  to  the  rule  are  the  few  machines  out  there  that  have  both  lasers  and  IPL  machines  in them).  Several studies have shown that  IPL is not as effective as dedicated hair removal lasers, and carry a higher risk of burns, blisters, and changes in pigment.

In my experience,  the Alexandrite laser is the most effective laser for removing hair on the lighter skin, whereas the Nd: YAG is the safest and best laser for more darkly pigmented skin.  Remember,  every laser  has  a  “target.”  For hair removal lasers, the goal is to selectively target the pigment (in other words colour) which in this case is called melanin found in hair follicles.  Melanin is the reason why we have black or brown hair or shades in between.  The hair follicles are living cells which make hair below the surface of the skin.  When the melanin is selectively heated, this destroys the hair follicle cells.  The lighter the hair, the less melanin the hair follicles will have in them.  As a result, hair that is blonde, white or grey does not improve with laser hair removal.  In my practice,  I have actually seen some patients notice a decrease in lighter hairs,  but it ’s the exception and not the rule.

Melanin is also present in skin and is the cause for dark skin and suntans.  It is the same target that the hair removal laser is trying to reach in hair follicles.  Hair removal lasers may target the melanin in the skin as well as in the hair follicles which sometimes results in burns,  blisters, and change in skin pigmentation.  As a result,  lower settings and longer laser pulse times must be used for darker skin to avoid damage.  As a consequence, more overall treatment sessions will usually be necessary.

Remember, laser hair removal is a medical procedure and you should always consult with a doctor who has extensive experience in lasers and laser hair removal.  This will maximize your chances of a great result.

Thanks for reading!

Dr.  Tim  –  Sydney  Cosmetic  Plastic  Surgeon

www.cosmeticculture.com.au
www.drtim.com.au

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Breast reduction surgery patients are among the happiest of all plastic surgery patients because they both look better and feel better following surgery. When women have large, burdensome breasts, they frequently suffer from a condition called symptomatic macromastia. Symptomatic macromastia is considered to be a medical problem that may include the following symptoms:

  1. Pain in the neck, shoulders, breasts, and upper or lower back
  2. Bra strap indentations
  3. Rashes underneath the breasts
  4. Finger or hand numbness
  5. Difficultly exercising, fitting into clothing or examining the breasts

To learn more about breast reduction, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Download FREE Mommy Makeover Guide now!

Are you frustrated with unwanted, loose, stretched skin following pregnancy?  Tummy muscles that have lost their tone causing you to have a round belly? Sagging breasts that have lost their volume and shape?AUGMENTATION MASTOPEXY ABDOMINOPLASTY IMAGE.001Mothers dedicate a great deal of themselves to their families. It starts with the pregnancy, where the mother’s body changes dramatically. Finally, there comes a time when mothers feel they’re able to address their own needs. After multiple pregnancies and breastfeeding, many women find it impossible for diet and exercise alone to restore their figures. Fortunately, mothers with permanently altered figures find that a Mommy Makeover is an excellent solution. A Mommy Makeover refers to the common group of procedures (like abdominoplasty and breast lift) that many mothers seek after they are finished having children. Many times, the operation is performed in one stage, but other moms will prefer to do the procedures over time. In either case, it gives many mothers comfort to know that the changes they see in their bodies following pregnancy may be improved dramatically by a skilled plastic surgeon.

I’ve just put together a step-by-step guide called the “Mommy Makeover: Get Your Pre-baby Body Back! To learn how to remove unwanted abdominal skin and tone your tummy muscles, make your breasts perky and youthful again, download this PDF file now!

Fill out the details below to learn more:


To learn more about what a Mommy Makeover can do for you, request a consultation with DrTim by calling us at 13000DRTIM .

Arm Lift: The Beauty of Brachioplasty

For those patients that have what is colloquially known as ‘bat wings,’ undergoing an arm lift is probably the best way to get rid of it. These so called ‘bat wings’ are nothing more than loose excess skin that jiggles back and forth when the arms move. The cause can be one of two things. The first one is age. As we get older our skin tends to lose its elasticity. Secondly, we also tend to lose some body volume. When you combine the two you get excess skin that doesn’t contract as the underlying volume of tissue disappears. As a result you get flabby loose skin that many find to be unsightly.

The cosmetic procedure known as an arm lift, officially known as a brachioplasty, removes the loose excess skin.  Liposuction (CoolSculpting can be used as well depending on the surgeon’s opinion) may also be performed in conjunction with the brachioplasty to assist in removing stubborn fat, resulting in a more refined arm contour. Once the excess hanging skin is removed, the arm is sutured tightly leaving a firm arm devoid of any flabbiness.

Types of Arm Lifts

There are a number of different procedures when it comes to arm lifts. The type of procedure performed depends on the patient themselves. This is because every person has varying degrees of skin laxity and flab in the arms which means they may not all need the same type of procedure. It also depends on what they like and the results that they are looking for.

  • Elbow to Axilla – In this procedure an incision is made from the fold of the elbow to the axilla or armpit. Liposuction is often used in conjunction with this procedure. The liposuction is used to remove stubborn deposits of fat that give the arm a better final contour. This is a widely common procedure chosen by many patients. 
  • Mini Arm Lift – This procedure is for those who have excess skin mostly in the upper portion of the arm. It is also for those who don’t want  a lot of scarring which can happen in the procedure above. Here, the incision is made under the armpit only. 
  • Arm and Axillary Lift – For those who have too much excess skin in the upper arm and armpits this procedure is for you. This procedure gets rid of the sagging skin from the upper arm and from the armpit as well. The incisions are usually done in two places – the upper arm and under the armpit onto the chest. 
  • Elbow Lifts – This procedure is just what is says: a lifting of the elbow portion of the arm. Some people will have loose and sagging skin over their elbows. This procedure is targeted just for that portion of the arm.
  • Liposuction – If you still have elastic skin then you may not need to have a lift at all. For patients like this, liposuction may just be the solution. With liposuction the incisions are not that dramatic (only 3-4mm long) which means scarring is kept to a minimum.

The Right Candidate

Typically a likely arm lift candidate is one that has lost a lot of body weight. This means that they have lost a lot of body volume that resulted in the excess skin that was not able to adapt quickly to the loss of volume underneath it. It is highly recommended that you be at your target weight before the operation. If you are still in the process of losing weight you should wait until you hit that weight plateau in order to get a good final result from the arm lift. There’s a good reason for this. If you have the procedure and still lose the weight you may find that your arm will still have flabbiness in it even after the operation. That’s because since you still had weight to lose the skin is still stretched out resulting in the extra, loose skin.

It is a good idea to consult with a plastic surgeon when you want to have this cosmetic procedure done. This way the procedure can be explained to you including what you can expect, how your recovery will be and the risks that are involved. For further information call us on 13000DRTIM or email us on info@drtim.com.au.

Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty ) for a Contoured Waistline

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Loose skin, stretch marks and abdominal fat are among the most common reasons patients seek help from a plastic surgeon. In some cases, patients have excess skin and fat on the abdomen due to weight loss. In other cases, age or pregnancy has changed the contour of the abdomen. Many people get frustrated about diet and exercise being unable to tighten their lower abdominal skin. Some even lose the motivation to exercise because they can’t see any improvement. For many patients, abdominoplasty (tummy tuck) is their best option to reclaim a youthful figure.

Candidates For A Tummy Tuck

Candidates for a tummy tuck have some (or all) of the following problems:

  • Loose skin on the lower abdomen
  • Stretch marks on the lower abdomen
  • Abdominal muscle laxity
  • Pubic laxity

Good abdominoplasty candidates should be healthy non-smokers. Although it’s better for patients to be close to their ideal weight, many patients who are overweight are still good candidates for the procedure.

Mommy Makeover

During pregnancy, skin may be stretched to the point that microscopic fractures form in the skin, or dermis, resulting in stretch marks. Caesarean section scars may accentuate fatty bulges by tethering the skin to the underlying muscles, causing the fat and loose skin to fold over the scar. The rectus abdominis (“six-pack”) muscles on the abdomen may become separated in the midline, creating a potbelly appearance. Fat also redistributes with age, becoming concentrated in the lower abdomen. The hourglass waistline of youth gives way to a larger midsection. That’s why many women choose abdominoplasty as part of their “Mommy Makeover“.

Although tummy tucks can achieve dramatic improvements, it’s important to also consider adjacent areas of the body for optimal results. For many patients, liposuction around the waist and thighs will provide more comprehensive results. Mothers will frequently choose breast surgery as well. This combination of procedures completes their transformation back to the hourglass figure they once had.

The Procedure

The tummy tuck procedure involves the following steps:

  • Removing a large amount of lower abdominal skin (and stretch marks)
  • Removing a large amount of lower abdominal fat
  • Tightening the rectus abdominis muscles of the abdomen
  • Redistributing the upper abdominal skin over the entire abdomen
  • Creating a new belly button within the tightened abdominal skin
  • Tightening the pubic area

Tummy tuck procedures (and results) vary substantially. Tummy tuck techniques have evolved significantly over the last decade in an attempt to achieve the best possible results for patients.

Recovery

Following a tummy tuck, patients should take at least 2 weeks to recover before returning to work. Normal exercise routines may be resumed approximately 6 weeks following surgery.

Take the first step toward restoring your body with a tummy tuck. Request a consultation online or call our office at 13000DRTIM.

Breast Reduction for Symptomatic Macromastia

Breast reduction surgery patients are among the happiest  because they both look and feel better following surgery. When women have large, burdensome breasts, they frequently suffer from a condition called symptomatic macromastia which may include the following symptoms:

  1. Pain in the neck, shoulders, breasts, and upper or lower back
  2. Bra strap indentations
  3. Rashes underneath the breasts (intertrigo)
  4. Little finger numbness
  5. Difficultly exercising, fitting into clothing or examining the breasts

Breast reduction surgery is designed to make the breasts smaller and lighter to alleviate the problems of symptomatic macromastia. However, the plastic surgeon performing the breast reduction is the most important determinant of the quality of the result. There are many different techniques for breast reduction, and each surgeon has their own preferences based on experience and patient needs. Often, breast reduction is combined with a breast lift on the other side.

Techniques

There are basically 2 types of techniques used commonly throughout the world:

  1. Wise Pattern (also known as the “Inverted T” or Anchor Scar) describe a technique with a scar around the areola with a vertical scar extending downwards to a horizontal scar in the breast fold.
  2. Vertical (also known as the Circumvertical or “Lollipop” Scar) describe a technique with a scar around the areola with a vertical scar extending downwards to meet the breast fold.

The choice depends on the extent of ptosis (sagging) and the surgeon’s experience. Liposuction is commonly used with the Vertical techniques and less frequently with the Wise pattern except to remove unwanted fatty tissue from the armpit regions.

Medicare & Health funds

Breast reduction surgery is considered to be medically necessary if a patient suffers from symptomatic macromastia. The typical criteria for Medicare Item no. coverage of a breast reduction include: bothersome symptoms detrimental to quality of life, failure of medical therapy prescribed by another doctor, physiotherapist or chiropractor, and removal of a minimum estimated weight of breast tissue.

Most health funds  will cover this procedure for patients with these symptoms if they have attempted conservative medical treatment without success. Most commonly, this conservative medical treatment is provided by a GP, physiotherapist or chiropractor. Typically, there is a minimum weight of breast tissue that must be removed from each breast to qualify as a medically necessary breast reduction for health fund coverage. The best way to determine if your procedure is medically indicated is in a consultation with me at the clinic.

Recovery

One of the best things about recovering from breast reduction surgery is how quickly patients experience relief from their symptoms. The morning after surgery many patients already feel symptomatic relief, even though their recovery has just begun. Many comment that they even breathe easier when they no longer have so much weight on their chests.

Recovery from a breast reduction tends to be quick because it does not involve the underlying muscles, bones or internal organs. Most women will need a few days to recover before returning to work, up to 2 weeks for the incisions to heal before resuming exercise and 12-18 months for the scars to fade to a subtle colour.

To learn more about your breast reduction options and whether or not you are a candidate, email us at info@drtim.com.au or call our clinic at 13000DRTIM .

Breast Augmentation Part 3 of 4: The Plastic Surgeon

I am amazed at how many patients spend more time shopping for a TV or washing machine than they spend selecting a plastic surgeon. Selecting your surgeon should be the single most important thing that you can do to assure an optimal result.

You should have a checklist of essential things to look for in a plastic surgeon:

1)  Certified by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, the only college recognised by the Australian Medical Council that can train surgeons in Australia

2)  Be a Member of the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) and the Australasian Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS)

3)  Has hospital privileges to do breast augmentation at an accredited hospital or day surgery facility

4)  Subspecialises in cosmetic surgery

5)  Super specialises in breast augmentation

6)  Recommended by a knowledgeable friend or doctor

7)  Has a curriculum vitae that documents scientific presentations and publications

There are also a few less reliable points that I would like to address when choosing a plastic surgeon. Advertisements and media coverage is paid for by the plastic surgeon and does not necessarily reflect how knowledgeable, competent or experienced they are. Your local doctor may not be in the know of who is best to do breast augmentation and may not have an interest in cosmetic surgery to find out either. Some just refer to surgeons who are their friends from medical school, are in the local area and thus convenient, or who may be paid for by the surgeon to refer you. Never listen to recommendations from anyone who is an “armchair expert” or who has no in-depth knowledge of breast augmentation.

At the end of the day, look at the plastic surgeon’s results to see how good they are. Be very careful with “glamour shots” that can deceive because of lighting, patient positioning and camera angle. They may even be “photo-shopped” or airbrushed. Some plastic surgeons may have models as patients that they have operated on their face but not their breasts (which was performed by another surgeon) and use them for advertising breast augmentation.

There are a further number of “red flags” that you should take notice of. These are:

1)  Completed training in a specialty other than plastic surgery

2)  Certified in an unrelated college

3)  Not a member of ASPS and ASAPS

4)  No hospital privileges

5)  If you are given false or misleading information – claims that are too good to be true.

6)  Unwilling to provide you answers to questions regarding credentials or their curriculum vitae

7)  When the office staff are not courteous, knowledgeable, or don’t spend enough time with you, and don’t tell you what you need to know. Beware of staff who give you all fluff, but no substance, and don’t offer to send you any information. Always insist that the price is broken down into the following categories: surgeon fees, anaesthetist fees, costs of implants, operating room fees, hospital stay fees, laboratory fees, mammogram or ultrasound fees, any other fees. Ask how long the prices on the quote last for. Remember, there is no such thing as bargain surgery. Have you ever seen top-quality surgery for a bargain price? How is the bargain surgeon able to offer such a good price?

When visiting the plastic surgeon’s rooms, look around and take notice of the little things. It should be a quiet, comfortable and modern, an atmosphere that reflects the good taste of the plastic surgeon. The organisation, function, and flow of the plastic surgeon’s office is a reflection of the surgeon’s personality and habits. Think about it. If the office looks messy and unclean, doesn’t that reflect badly on the surgeon who accepts this scenario?

Most of the time, you will recognise a good plastic surgeon without the surgeon having to tell you. If they have integrity, are caring and thorough, then this will definitely contribute to what you will get in the operating room and after.

Question:  What factors do you consider important when choosing a plastic surgeon to perform a breast augmentation? You can leave a comment below.