Abdominoplasty: What’s the recovery like?


Following a tummy tuck, patients should take at least 3-4 weeks to recover before returning to work. Normal exercise routines may typically be resumed approximately 6 weeks following surgery.

To learn more about abdominoplasty (tummy tuck), request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Breast Implants & Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (ALCL)- No Cause For Alarm

Breast Implant & ALCL

Only recently described, breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) usually presents as an effusion-associated fibrous capsule surrounding the implant and less frequently as a mass. Little is known about the natural history and long-term outcomes of such disease. It is estimated that between 5 and 10 million women have breast implants. Due to the rarity of a diagnosis of ALCL (3 in 100 million per year in the USA diagnosed with ALCL in the breast) a worldwide collaboration is required to provide robust data to investigate this possible link.

ALCL is a lymphoma and not cancer of the breast tissue. When breast implants are placed in the body, they are inserted behind the breast tissue or under the chest muscle. Over time, a fibrous scar called a capsule develops around the implant, separating it from the rest of the breast. In women with breast implants, the ALCL was generally found adjacent to the implant itself and contained within the fibrous capsule. ALCL is a lymphoma which is a type of cancer involving cells of the immune system. It is not cancer of the breast tissue.

The most recent clinical studies state that it is not possible to confirm with any certainty whether breast implants have any relation to an increased likelihood of developing ALCL, and particularly whether any one type of implant can create a higher or lower risk than another of developing the disease. It should be noted that ALCL is extremely rare and treatable. This is evidenced in particular by three recent papers:

  1. A Danish nationwide study – ‘Breast implants and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma: a Danish population-based cohort study’– concluded that in a nationwide cohort of 19,885 women who underwent breast implant surgery between 1973 and 2010, no cases of ALCL were identified
  2. A review of cases within another recent comprehensive article, ‘Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma: long-term follow-up of 60 patients’ concluded that: “most patients with breast implant-associated ALCL who had disease confined within the fibrous capsule achieved complete remission. Proper management for these patients may be limited to capsulectomy and implant removal. Patients who present with a mass have a more aggressive clinical course that may be fatal, justifying cytotoxic chemotherapy in addition to removal of implants.”
  3. In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Roberto N. Miranda, MD, Associate Professor in the Department of Hematopathology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues assessed disease characteristics, treatment, and outcomes in 60 cases. They found that outcomes are better in women with effusion confined by the fibrous capsule, whereas disease presenting as a mass has a more aggressive clinical course.Patients should be advised that ALCL is a very rare condition and until any further evidence is presented there is no need to remove breast implants as a matter of course.


These data suggest that there are two patient subsets. Most patients who present with an effusion around the implant, without a tumour mass, achieve complete remission and excellent disease-free survival. A smaller subset of patients presents with a tumour mass associated with the fibrous capsule and are more likely to have clinically aggressive disease. We suggest that patients without a mass may benefit from a conservative therapeutic approach, perhaps removal of the implant with capsulectomy alone, whereas patients with a tumour mass may need removal of the implants and systemic therapy that still needs to be defined.


We continue to advise that any women with breast implants who experience any sudden unexplained changes, lumps or swelling should speak to their GP or their surgeon.

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Breast reduction surgery patients are among the happiest of all plastic surgery patients because they both look better and feel better following surgery. When women have large, burdensome breasts, they frequently suffer from a condition called symptomatic macromastia. Symptomatic macromastia is considered to be a medical problem that may include the following symptoms:

  1. Pain in the neck, shoulders, breasts, and upper or lower back
  2. Bra strap indentations
  3. Rashes underneath the breasts
  4. Finger or hand numbness
  5. Difficultly exercising, fitting into clothing or examining the breasts

To learn more about breast reduction, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

How Can a Brow Lift Benefit You?

Appearance is everything these days and unfortunately, the ageing process is something we all must inevitably suffer whether we like it or not. There is still hope, however, for those of us who suffer from droopy eyebrows, sagging skin or deep furrows on the forehead, in the form of a brow lift.

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If you’ve had enough of those tired and weary eyes staring back at you in the mirror each morning, a brow lift is a simple procedure that can turn back the years and restore the youthful vigour you once possessed. It’s common knowledge that when you look great, you feel great and your plastic surgeon can offer you two different brow lift techniques to reinvigorate your face.


Brow Lift Benefits

A brow lift has many clear benefits for patients choosing this procedure. Apart from improving your overall facial appearance, making you look more awake and less stressed, this procedure will give you an immediate confidence boost to aid you in social and work settings. When this procedure is carried out by a skilled and experienced plastic surgeon, the benefits are increased and you’ll see an improvement in regards to:

  1. Brow height, meaning you appear more alert and vital.
  2. The frown lines between the eyebrows which will lessen with the lifting of the forehead.
  3. Sagging brows which will be re-positioned to reduce the severity of the drooping over the eyelids.
  4. Forehead and nose-bridge creases. These will be reduced as the forehead is lifted.
  5. Shape of brows for women. A brow lift can give women a more aesthetically pleasing arched brow shape.
  6. Tired or irritated appearance, which will make you look more approachable and friendly.

Brow Lift Procedures

There are generally two types of brow lift procedures: The traditional brow lift and the minimal incision brow lift. The type of brow lift procedure you choose depends on the severity of your symptoms.

Traditional Brow lift

The traditional brow lift is generally more suited to patients with excess skin hanging over the upper eyelids, making your brows droop and giving you an unfriendly, angry appearance. Also known as a “temporal brow lift,” this procedure is for patients who wish to raise the outer 2/3 of the brow line. The  brow line can be raised by making a 4cm incision in the temporal region of the scalp, before removing excess skin from the scalp and lifting the brow line to give you a friendly and bright eyed appearance. The advantages of the traditional brow lift are:

  1. The forehead or brow can be lifted higher for more severe cases.
  2. The skin is more easily mobilised.

Minimal Brow Lift

Aside from the obvious benefit of reduced and inconspicuous scarring, the minimal brow lift also minimises the loss of sensation around the site of the incisions. In general, the minimal brow lift is considered more suited to younger patients as this procedure does not involve the removal of excess skin. The incisions are also much smaller than those in the traditional brow lift and are skilfully concealed within the hairline. Whilst the traditional brow lift is rarely used today due to the extensiveness of the incisions, the minimal brow lift is becoming more popular because of the following advantages:

  1. Less visible scarring
  2. Less elevation of the hairline
  3. Less numbness around the incision site
  4. Minimal hair loss
  5. Less invasive
  6. Shorter recovery times
  7. Very little bleeding

Are You a Brow Lift Candidate?

If you are fed up of looking tired and stressed out, and friends have commented on how much older you look these days, it may be the right time to opt for a brow lift. On occasion, low brows are hereditary and because of this, plastic surgeons carry out this procedure on patients younger than 30 years-old.

Recovery Time for Brow Lift Surgery

In the early stages after surgery, you may experience some mild discomfort but nothing that cannot be easily allayed with mild pain medication for up to several days after surgery. Day three is usually when bruising and swelling is at its worst and within two weeks you should be able to fully appreciate the results of the procedure.

Are there Any Risks Involved?

The risks for the brow lift procedure are minimal at worst. You may experience some bleeding or infection and in very rare cases, nerve damage or hair changes but with a skilled and trusted plastic surgeon, the risks are negligible.

If you’ve had enough of looking overworked and unapproachable, it might be time for you to seek out a professional plastic surgeon to carry out a brow lift procedure and restore your youthful gaze.

Question: What is the most annoying feature of having sagging brows? You can leave a comment below.

Eyelid surgery for a more youthful look

Eyelid surgery is an operation that can dramatically improve a patient’s appearance within a relatively short recovery time. Droopy eyelids is one of the major reasons why some people often consider eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) to get rid of excess eyelid skin for a youthful appearance. In other cases, eyelid surgery helps in improving ones vision by offering a field of view that is less obstructed after the removal of excess skin.

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How is eyelid surgery performed?

Eyelid surgery can be performed on your upper eyelids, lower eyelids or both. The plastic surgeon will carry out pre-operative evaluation on factors such as your facial muscles around the eyes, the symmetry or droopiness of your eyebrows and underlying bone structure. After the evaluation your plastic surgeon will be able to determine the amount of skin and/or fat to get rid of. Some points to consider:

  • your plastic surgeon will make accurate markings to show where the excess tissues will be removed on your lower and upper eyelids.
  • On your upper eyelid, they will make a surgical slit concealed in the natural fold of the upper eyelid.
  • In the lower eyelid, the surgical slit will be concealed below your lower eyelashes. When unwanted fat only is being removed, the slit can be made inside the lower eyelid which is referred to as a transconjunctival incision. Laser resurfacing may at times be used together with this method so as to make the lower eyelid skin tighter.
  • The plastic surgeon will also get rid of excess tissue through these slits.
  • At times, fat may need to be redistributed in the lower lids to completely remove bulges or puffiness. Other changes may be made so as to correct special problems such as muscle laxity.
  • The scars are generally inconspicuous after healing.
  • For patients who have dry eyes, very little amounts of tissue are removed to avoid exposing more of the eye to the air which may worsen the symptoms.

When to consider eyelid surgery

  1. If you have too much skin hanging or covering the upper eyelids natural folds.
  2. If loose skin hangs down from the upper eyelids over the eyelashes.
  3. If the under of your eyes has deep grooves and bulges.
  4. If both your upper and lower eyelids look puffy, making your eyes appear aged and tired.

Many people who consider blepharoplasty also consider facelift, wrinkle smoothers, brow lift and dermal fillers for a complete facial rejuvenation look.

What will my eyelid scars look like?

  1. Upper eyelid surgery: The plastic surgeon will mark the natural lines and creases of the lids and keep the incisions as concealed as possible along the natural folds. Thin sutures will be used in closing up the incisions hence making the scars visibility minimal.
  2. Lower eyelid surgery: In the traditional blepharoplasty, the doctor will make the slit in a hidden side along the lash line and smile creases of the lower lid. In the transconjunctival approach, the doctor amends the eyelid puffiness that results due to excess fat by making a cut inside the lower eyelid. This technique doesn’t need an external slit but it cannot be used in the removal of extra skin.


This is one of the fast healing surgeries that I undertake. However, it is important that you adhere to all the postoperative procedures that are given. This will include instructions about iced eye pads, bandages and taking of antibiotics if prescribed. I will also offer detailed instructions about the normal symptoms and any signs of complications. The amount of recovery also varies among people so it’s good to be patient and not rush things.


Fortunately, eyelid surgery has very minimal complications. Thousands of people undergo successful blepharoplasty and are happy with their transformation. However, all surgical procedures come with some degree of risk. Some of the complications may be watery eyes, infection and bleeding, allergic reactions, sensation changes, asymmetrical scarring and haematoma.

Question: What is the most troublesome thing you find with droopy eyelids? You can leave a comment below.

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During each breast augmentation operation, a long-acting local anaesthetic is placed around the implant so that patients will feel only minimal discomfort following surgery. Most of my breast augmentation patients take only a few days off from work to recover whilst others take up to a week. Patients may ease back into their normal exercise routine beginning several weeks after surgery.


To learn more about breast augmentations, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Breast Augmentation Part 2 of 4: The Procedure


The things you need to know to make better choices regarding breast augmentation are the following:

1) Match your desires with reality

The surgeon can only work with the tissues you bring him. If you want the best result, you have to balance what you want with what the tissues will allow you to have and what they can support over time. Also, no woman has two breasts that are the same, and no surgeon can create two breasts exactly the same. Cup size is extremely variable and inconsistent from one brand of bra to another and women buy a bra that they can fill (or to push breast tissue where they want it to go to create a specific appearance), not necessarily a bra that fits. Last of all, the bigger the breast you request (ie. the bigger the breast augmentation), the worse it will look over time and you can’t pick out a breast from a book or magazine and expect the same result unless the woman in the picture looked exactly like you before surgery.

2) Know about the implants

Breast implants are not perfect, don’t last forever, and require some maintenance. If you can’t accept these facts, don’t have a breast augmentation. If you do, then you need to think about:

  1. Implant pocket location. Implants can be placed in front of, or behind muscle. There is less capsular contracture rates when the implant is placed behind the muscle and you can obtain better or more accurate mammograms too. Also, in thin women, behind the muscle is preferable because adequate tissue coverage is most important. Think when you lie in bed, if you are covered by a bed sheet only, then one can see the contours of your body a lot beer, than if you were to be covered by a doona, they are less distinct. Having said that, an implant placed in front of the muscle will always more predictably control breast shape. How do you decide whether to go in front or behind the muscle? If you pinch the breast tissue in the upper pole and it’s < 2 cm, consider going beneath the muscle, otherwise, you run risks of seeing the edges of the implant. One aspect that often gets overlooked is the way the pocket is created. Blunt dissection techniques are fast and efficient but create more tissue trauma, tear tissues, create more bleeding, and result in longer recovery time. Electrocautery dissection techniques use an electric current to seal blood vessels and are thus, less traumatic and have shorter recovery times.
  2. Implant shape. Shapes of implants can either be round or tear drop (anatomical). There is a trend today of women wanting more upper pole fullness and therefore opting for round implants. Given that the breast is constantly evolving and that over time there is loss of upper pole fullness as the breast tissue ”melts away”, breast augmentation with round implants may be a good option for maintaining upper pole fullness in the long term. The other added advantage is that if it rotates, it doesn’t affect the shape of the breast. In contrast, a tear drop implant which is fuller at the bottom and tapers at the top, will give an odd shape to the breast if it does rotate. However, breast augmentation with tear drop implants may be better in women who have odd shaped chests (either long or wide for example) because you can tailor the dimensions of the implant more specifically to fit the breast ”foot print” on the chest. Tear drop implants may also be beneficial in women with mild sagging breasts who do not want scars on their breast from elevating the nipple. The tear drop implants have a ”bucket-handle” effect on the nipple, elevating them to a higher position on the breast.
  3. Implant surface (or shell)The surface of the implant is made of a silicone rubber and can be textured or smooth. Textured implants have a lower risk of capsular contracture than smooth implants.
  4. Implant ”stuffing”. The stuffing or filler of the implant can be silicone or saline. Saline is salt-water and is harmless if the implant ruptures. It’s biggest disadvantage is rippling and that it takes up the ambient temperature, so that if you went to the beach for a swim, when you get out, your implants will feel cold. Silicone gel filler on the other hand is more natural, more predictable and it is safe. There are grades of silicone gel that range from ”jelly” consistency to that of ”gummy bears”.
  5. Implant size. Remember, the larger the implant, the more tradeoffs and risks you’ll encounter, especially long term.
  6. Incision location. The scar can be placed in three areas. The breast fold incision offers the best degree of control for the wide range of breast types and is the the commonest type used by far. The periareolar incision (around the nipple-areola) usually heals well because it’s located in thinner skin but is limited and can’t be used if the areola is not large enough for access. The biggest problem is the increased exposure of the implant to bacteria if any of the breast ducts were to be cut. The armpit (axillary) incision places no scar on the breast but takes longer to perform and harder to control the position of the breast fold.

3) Get well acquainted with the tradeoffs, problems and risks

Tradeoffs always depend on the details of each specific case, the characteristics of your tissues , the experience of your surgeon with different options. Every breast augmentation operation carries inherent risks and medical complications are not totally preventable by you or your surgeon. Remember, don’t have a breast augmentation unless you thoroughly understand and accept the potential risks and trade-offs of the procedure.

4) Know about the recovery

The more tissue trauma caused by your surgery, the longer and more difficult your recovery. That is why it takes longer to recover from a pocket created behind the muscle. Excessively large implants can produce excessive stretch marks that cause more discomfort and temporary or permanent sensory loss. Most women return back to normal duties within four weeks and athletic activities by six weeks.


Question: Do you think that the benefits far outweigh the trade-offs for breast augmentation? You can leave a comment below.


The Benefits of Breast Asymmetry Correction

Almost every woman on the planet has one breast that is fairly different from the other. For some women though, the discrepancy can be extreme with noticeable differences in size and shape between the two breasts.

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Breast asymmetry will come in different shapes and sizes, but what remains constant is the problems they cause. Breast asymmetry will not only make finding bras that fit and clothes that hide the asymmetry a hassle, but will also impact negatively on a woman’s self-esteem and confidence.

Breast asymmetry correction is one the most recurring problems I face as a plastic surgeon specialising in breasts. During initial consultations, I often find that some patients are not even aware of their own breasts being asymmetrical. To facilitate proper planning so as to improve the outcome of surgery, these differences have to be identified early in the procedure.

Breast asymmetry types

1. Congenital Breast Asymmetry.

This means that the difference in the size of your breast is innate: it is as old as your breasts and has been becoming more conspicuous with their growth and development. There are several reasons why patients have these preexisting differences between their breasts. They include:
– Differences in breast volume
– Differences in areola size and/or position
– Rib cage (chest wall) asymmetries, as in pectus excavatum or scoliosis
– Differences in the positioning of the breast fold crease.

2. Post Surgical Breast Asymmetry

There are several conditions that would lead to development of breast asymmetry several years after a breast surgery procedure has been done on a patient; an example of such an operation is breast augmentation. This conditions include:
– Capsule contracture
– The breast tissue may be drooping
– Implant position movement
– Areolas getting stretched.

Breast asymmetry correction

There are several techniques that can be used to correct this problem and help you feel comfortable and more confident in how you look.  The first and most important step in breast asymmetry corrections is the determination of the ideal breast size for you. I work very closely with my patients to help them make this essential decision. Important questions asked at this stage are; whether smaller breasts need to be enlarged with implants, or whether larger breasts should be reduced in size for example.

In some cases, the best results can be achieved by doing the same thing to both breasts. For example; a patient with very large breasts can have both reduced with one breast being reduced more than the other to make up the difference. Where the patient has small breasts, augmentation can be done on both with one being augmented more than the other. The important thing here is to make sure that the final breasts have roughly the same amount of implant volume or breast tissue after the procedure. It’s only then that you will be able to enjoy relatively same sized breasts.

Customised treatment plan

Unlike other breast cosmetic surgeries, breast asymmetry is a more difficult procedure to perform. It thus requires careful planning, thought and consideration well in advance before the procedure. This is where the surgeons experience is crucial as they will help the patient make the smallest of decisions that will together determine the overall success of the procedure. As they say: ‘the devil is in the detail.’

Since patients have several options to choose from, I take the time to go through each option with my patients. I will help the patient make the best decision by outlining the best available options for their particular condition so as to achieve the best results. Being a trusted adviser, it’s my goal to make sure that all my patients fully understand the implications their decisions will have on their well-being and to help them choose wisely.

Implant options

If we do decide that the implant method is the best solution for your problem, you will be able to get access to a wide range of implants that are guaranteed to suit your needs. We have access to the newest generation of implants available in different styles and sizes at my patients’ disposal.

Breast asymmetry surgery is one of the most challenging breast procedures. Diligence, communication and surgeon experience are all crucial ingredients for the best results.


Question: What do you find are the most difficult challenges with breast asymmetry? You can leave a comment below.


Patients usually take at least 3-4 weeks off from work following a body lift. I encourage patients to ambulate shortly after surgery. They may resume full exercise approximately 6 weeks following surgery.

To learn more about body lifts, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

The Facts on Male Breast Reduction

Enlarged male breasts (also called gynaecomastia) are the butt of many jokes, which explains why people suffering from this condition often feel embarrassed, humiliated, and insecure about their bodies. Understandably, many men suffering from this condition often have a lower self-esteem and some will not be caught dead without their shirts on. Male breast reduction surgery will help you get a flatter chest that most men can only dream of having.

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What Causes Enlarged Male Breasts?

Gynaecomastia is usually the result of excessive fat tissue in the chest area, which results in the appearance of a man having breasts. Loose skin can also result in this condition. Consequently, surgery is performed depending on whether excess fat tissue is the problem or the loose skin is the cause breast-like appearances. Fat tissue in the chest area can be due to excess body fat, hormonal imbalances, diet problems, or the use of certain kinds of drugs (marijuana and steroids being the most common). When the enlarged breasts are the result of loose hanging skin, it is usually because the individual has lost a considerable amounts of weight.


What Techniques are used for Male Breast Reduction?

The good thing about male breast reduction surgery is that it is a minimally invasive form of surgery. Below are a couple of surgical techniques used to ensure that you get a flatter chest:

  1. Liposuction: This is an effective technique for men who have relatively good skin elasticity. In this case, a small incision is made and the excess fat is removed using a cannula (a small hollow surgical tube). After this procedure, the chest assumes a normal masculine appearance without the need for further surgical intervention.
  2. Breast Tissue Removal: This procedure may be necessary in more severe cases of gynaecoamastia. Breast tissue removal can also be used in addition to liposuction, when removal of excess fat using a cannula does not suffice. However, this technique may also be used on its own.
  3. Skin Removal: Skin removal may be necessary in cases where there has been a massive weight loss prior to surgery. Skin removal can also be accompanied by breast tissue removal or liposuction.


Who Can Undergo Breast Reduction Surgery?

Generally, if you are a healthy man of any age, you can benefit from a male breast reduction surgery if you suffer from enlarged male breasts. Ideal candidates are those with elastic skin that will naturally reshape itself after the excessive fat or breast tissue is removed.


How Long Does Recovery Take?

Recovery from male breast reduction surgery takes about a week, although you will be discharged from the hospital on the day of surgery. The surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. Slight discomfort and pain is normal after the surgery. However, this can be managed using some pain medications. A chest garment is usually worn afterwards for up to six weeks to aid in reducing swelling and developing a collection (seroma or haematoma).


What are the Possible Risks of Male Breast Reduction Surgery?

Most risks associated with this surgery are usually very rare. Nevertheless, they are easily manageable and include bleeding, seroma, haematoma and infection. Proper post-operative care can effectively handle these problems if they do occur.


There is no reason to go through life suffering the embarrassment of enlarged male breasts. A simple male breast reduction surgery can help you achieve a flatter but muscular look that makes you look forward to removing your shirt the next time you are on the beach having some fun. This procedure poses few risks and you are usually back to your normal routine in just a couple of days.


Question: What is the most difficult thing you experience with having enlarged male breasts? You can leave a comment below.