Breast Augmentation Part 3 of 4: The Plastic Surgeon

I am amazed at how many patients spend more time shopping for a TV or washing machine than they spend selecting a plastic surgeon. Selecting your surgeon should be the single most important thing that you can do to assure an optimal result.

You should have a checklist of essential things to look for in a plastic surgeon:

1)  Certified by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, the only college recognised by the Australian Medical Council that can train surgeons in Australia

2)  Be a Member of the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) and the Australasian Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS)

3)  Has hospital privileges to do breast augmentation at an accredited hospital or day surgery facility

4)  Subspecialises in cosmetic surgery

5)  Super specialises in breast augmentation

6)  Recommended by a knowledgeable friend or doctor

7)  Has a curriculum vitae that documents scientific presentations and publications

There are also a few less reliable points that I would like to address when choosing a plastic surgeon. Advertisements and media coverage is paid for by the plastic surgeon and does not necessarily reflect how knowledgeable, competent or experienced they are. Your local doctor may not be in the know of who is best to do breast augmentation and may not have an interest in cosmetic surgery to find out either. Some just refer to surgeons who are their friends from medical school, are in the local area and thus convenient, or who may be paid for by the surgeon to refer you. Never listen to recommendations from anyone who is an “armchair expert” or who has no in-depth knowledge of breast augmentation.

At the end of the day, look at the plastic surgeon’s results to see how good they are. Be very careful with “glamour shots” that can deceive because of lighting, patient positioning and camera angle. They may even be “photo-shopped” or airbrushed. Some plastic surgeons may have models as patients that they have operated on their face but not their breasts (which was performed by another surgeon) and use them for advertising breast augmentation.

There are a further number of “red flags” that you should take notice of. These are:

1)  Completed training in a specialty other than plastic surgery

2)  Certified in an unrelated college

3)  Not a member of ASPS and ASAPS

4)  No hospital privileges

5)  If you are given false or misleading information – claims that are too good to be true.

6)  Unwilling to provide you answers to questions regarding credentials or their curriculum vitae

7)  When the office staff are not courteous, knowledgeable, or don’t spend enough time with you, and don’t tell you what you need to know. Beware of staff who give you all fluff, but no substance, and don’t offer to send you any information. Always insist that the price is broken down into the following categories: surgeon fees, anaesthetist fees, costs of implants, operating room fees, hospital stay fees, laboratory fees, mammogram or ultrasound fees, any other fees. Ask how long the prices on the quote last for. Remember, there is no such thing as bargain surgery. Have you ever seen top-quality surgery for a bargain price? How is the bargain surgeon able to offer such a good price?

When visiting the plastic surgeon’s rooms, look around and take notice of the little things. It should be a quiet, comfortable and modern, an atmosphere that reflects the good taste of the plastic surgeon. The organisation, function, and flow of the plastic surgeon’s office is a reflection of the surgeon’s personality and habits. Think about it. If the office looks messy and unclean, doesn’t that reflect badly on the surgeon who accepts this scenario?

Most of the time, you will recognise a good plastic surgeon without the surgeon having to tell you. If they have integrity, are caring and thorough, then this will definitely contribute to what you will get in the operating room and after.

Question:  What factors do you consider important when choosing a plastic surgeon to perform a breast augmentation? You can leave a comment below.

Breast Augmentation Part 4 of 4: The Surgical Facility

Your safety is of paramount importance when undergoing breast augmentation. Always have your surgery in an accredited hospital or day surgery facility. If you are young and healthy, then a day surgery facility is fine. If you are older and have health problems, then a hospital would be a better place to have the procedure performed because of the availability and back-up of an intensive care unit and other highly specialised healthcare professionals.

Accredited means that the surgical facility has passed a set of rigorous examinations to assure that the equipment and procedures meet standards for optimal safety. The hospital or day surgery facility should be fully accredited by the Australian Council on Healthcare Standards (ACHS) or a set of ISO standards that provide the highest standards of service. Patient health, safety, and comfort should be the surgical facilities main concerns and they should continually monitor and evaluate their performance to achieve these outcomes. Another requirement of accreditation is to assure that personnel is trained, experienced, and skilled healthcare professionals and procedures and equipment are in place to deal with any emergency from a power outage to cardiac arrest.

Sometimes it’s reassuring to visit the accredited facility yourself. If you’re not comfortable with a surgical facility, don’t have the breast augmentation surgery there. What you want to see is modern and comfortable surroundings, as well as caring and warm personnel. The operating room should appear state-of-the-art, spotlessly clean, and equipped with the most up-to-date equipment. The recovery area should be immediately adjacent to the operating rooms. Some surgical facilities provide overnight accommodations with one-on-one nursing care especially for patients who need overnight care for more extensive procedures.

The following checklist should help you “tie things up” when organising your breast augmentation:

1)  Check the date of surgery and pay scheduling deposit if required

2)  Review surgeon’s financial policies and policies for refunds

3)  Sign informed consent and operative consent forms for breast augmentation

4)  Schedule laboratory tests and mammography/ultrasound if required

5)  Review medications to avoid and ones to take before surgery

6)  Review post-operative instructions the night before surgery

7)  On the day of surgery wear comfortable clothes, get someone to drive you home and be with you overnight, wear no make-up, and leave your jewellery and valuables at home

Question: What things do you consider important in the surgical facility when having a breast augmentation? You can leave a comment below

Brazilian butt lift surgery task force set up after alarming death rate

A DANGEROUS butt procedure has a higher death rate than any other and Aussie women are being warned to think carefully before committing to it.

A NOTORIOUS surgical procedure, known as the Brazilian Butt Lift, is now considered so dangerous that a specialist Aussie task force has been set up to warn women of its risks.

Inspired by “bootylicious” celebrities and social media stars such as the Kardashians, Jennifer Lopez and Beyonce, the risky operation has raised alarms after a number of complications and number of deaths.

BBL is the colloquial term for buttock fat grafting, an elective cosmetic procedure which can cost up to $14,000 and involves removing fat from one part of the body via liposuction and transplanting it via injection into the butt for a fuller, perkier effect.

According to the Australasian Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (ASAPS), the mortality rate for BBLs is estimated to be one in every 3000 operations — meaning it has a higher rate of death than any other cosmetic procedure.

THE BOOTYLICIOUS EFFECT

The BBL’s popularity has increased over the last few years, with the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery tracking a 26 percent jump from 2016 to 2017, making it the surgical procedure that saw the second most significant increase performed year over year.

However, its complications have thrust it into the medical spotlight and plastic surgeons across the world have expressed deep concerns over its increasing popularity.

ASAPS has now backed a new “patient safety task force” to investigate the risks and improve patient safety of the increasingly popular procedure in Australia.

“In short, the butt is becoming the new breast,” Dr Tim Papadopoulos, specialist plastic surgeon and past president of ASAPS said.

Kim Kardashian has always denied having a BBL procedure. Picture: Mega Agency
Kim Kardashian has always denied having a BBL procedure. Picture: Mega Agency Source: Mega
‘Bootylicious’ singer Beyonce is an inspiration for many young women. Picture: Mega Agency
‘Bootylicious’ singer Beyonce is an inspiration for many young women. Picture: Mega Agency Source: Mega

Five of the world’s leading plastic and cosmetic surgery-related organisations have banded together to form an “Inter-Society Buttock Fat Grafting Task Force” to research complications and deaths associated with BBL.

“Action must be taken now in order to prevent further tragedies from occurring,” Dr Papadopoulos said.

“The task force is concerned with the high mortality rate of this operation and is aggressively investigating ways to make this procedure safer.

“This new warning emphasises the continued risk that is being encountered with this procedure. Patient safety is the highest priority for plastic surgeons and this multi-society task force is an important and unprecedented collaboration.”

He said the procedure had resulted in an “alarming rate of mortality”.

“This rate of death is far greater than any other cosmetic surgery,” he said. “Having said that, there has been no reported case of a death from BBL in Australasia.”

He this may be due to the cultural and ethnic differences and perceptions of beauty regarding bums.

“Although social media has had a huge influence in promoting BBL, especially with celebrities like Kim Kardashian and Jennifer Lopez, the volumes of buttock fat transfer overseas don’t necessarily translate to what’s going on here in Australia,” Dr Papadopoulos said.

The surgery can cost up to $14,000. Picture: Supplied/ Cosmos Clinic website
The surgery can cost up to $14,000. Picture: Supplied/ Cosmos Clinic website Source: Supplied

“In the USA, the large African-American and Hispanic populations have generally dictated their beauty norms which promote larger backsides and smaller breasts.

“This is not the case in Australia where women generally prefer larger breasts and smaller backsides.”

WHAT THE TASK FORCE WILL DO

The task force will examine the causes behind complications and deaths to try to prevent them from occurring through a variety of doctor and patient safety education measures, including unprecedented research.

Once those results are finalised, a comprehensive set of guidelines for the procedure will be submitted for publication in major clinical journals.

“Interestingly, while this procedure has been done for decades, it wasn’t recognised as risky until recently,” Dr Papadopoulos said.

The alarm bells started to ring for some surgeons after a 2015 study which looked at 19 BBL-related deaths in Colombia and Mexico over a 15-year period.

A 2017 report also noted at least 25 fatalities in the United States in the preceding five years.

WHY IS THE BBL SO DANGEROUS?

Dr Papadopoulos says every BBL-related death is caused by bits of fat (or “emboli-globules”) which enter the blood stream and clog up the patient’s heart.

“The cause of death is emboli-globules of fat that inadvertently enter the gluteal veins and swiftly make their way up to the heart and lungs, causing patients to arrest and die usually in the operating room during the procedure or in the recovery room shortly after,” Dr Papadopoulos said.

Tim Papadopoulos said women should research the procedure carefully.
Tim Papadopoulos said women should research the procedure carefully. Source: News Corp Australia

“These emboli are unique to the buttock area, as fat injections in the breast, face and thighs don’t produce this same phenomenon.

“The gluteal veins’ distinctive anatomy makes them especially vulnerable because they’re very big and thin, and only one tributary away from the inferior vena cava, which is the major vein in the body running from the pelvis to the heart.

“If a surgeon nicks one of these gluteal veins or they tear because of traction from pooling of fat beneath the muscle, it’ll act like a siphon, sucking in fat around it, and ultimately sending fat up into the heart.”

WHAT TO DO IF YOU WANT A BBL

Dr Papadopoulos said any patients interested in the procedure should research and trust only FRACS-qualified Specialist Plastic Surgeons at accredited and licensed facilities or hospitals. “You should ask to see before-and-after photos and ask for patient references,” he said.

“You, too, should stay informed on the issue, and when consulting with doctors, don’t hesitate to question their approach.”

To find a suitable surgeon search through the Australasian Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons Member Database.

– Ben Graham 

Article Source: news.com.au

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Most plastic surgeons favour the infra-mammary incision location for most breast implants. The peri-areolar incision is made as a semicircle at the lower border of the pigmented areola. It does heal beautifully in most cases and uses the interface of the darker and lighter pigmented skin to camouflage the incision. For patients with small areolae, it may be preferable to use the infra-mammary incision, located underneath the breast. This incision also heals very well, and is especially useful for women with well defined creases under their breasts.

The axillary incision (in the armpit) is another option, but it’s better suited for saline implants than silicone gel. Because this access incision is a greater distance from the implant pocket, it’s less precise than the peri-areolar and infra-mammary approaches. Studies have confirmed that there is a higher implant revision rate using the axillary approach. Usually the axillary scars heal well, but they may still be visible when the patient wears sleeveless outfits. There is also a higher rate of breast implant infections with the peri-areolar and axillary approaches.

Patients frequently ask what effect the incision location has on maintaining nipple sensation after surgery. The answer is that the access incision usually has little effect on nipple sensation. Rather, it’s the size of the implant pocket that has the largest impact on nipple sensation. Large implants may require a pocket that stretches the nerves to the point that they do not function well, increasing the odds of impaired nipple sensation. Even so, the vast majority of my patients maintain normal nipple sensation.

Breast implants may be placed over or under the pectoralis major muscle. In the early days of breast augmentation, all implants were placed on top of the muscle. However, in recent decades, it has become more common to place implants underneath the pectoralis major muscle. The muscle covers the top half of the implant, providing additional thickness of coverage over the implant in the critical cleavage area. This makes it less likely that the implant edges or ripples will be visible when wearing a bra or swimsuit. Studies have also shown that the rate of capsular contracture is lower when the implants are placed under the muscle. Breast imaging to screen for breast cancer is more accurate when the implants are placed behind the muscle. For these reasons, I prefer to place implants underneath the muscle for most of my breast implant patients.

 

To learn more about breast augmentations, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Facial Rejuvenation’s 5Rs: Relax, Refill, Resurface, Redrape and Remove

Although the hands of time cannot be completely turned back, facial rejuvenation can slow down or even reverse some of the natural aging processes which produce lines and wrinkles, age spots, broken capillaries, dull skin, and uneven tone and texture. Other flaws include loss of collagen and elastin, resulting in sagging skin, gaunt faces, dark circles and puffiness under the eyes. Open pores and acne scars also appear more visible.

There are 4 things that happen to our face as we age:

  1. Volume loss (mainly fat)
  2. Sagging tissues because of gravity
  3. Facial bones thin out and become lighter
  4. Skin thins, develops fine lines and wrinkles, as well as, brown patches

I think of skin and facial rejuvenation in terms of the 5 Rs:

  1. Relax: refers to using anti-wrinkle injections which so often wrinkles caused by muscle movement.  The facial muscles of expression, if used too much, can result in “frown lines” between the eyes, “worry lines” of the brow or “crow’s feet” beside the eyes.  By relaxing the muscles responsible for these expressions, we are able to interfere with the development or progression of such lines.
  2. Refill: various products, from fillers to one’s own fat, can be used to address facial volume loss. Such techniques are used in the treatment of deeper wrinkles, folds and expression lines that are too deep to be adequately affected by resurfacing.
  3. Resurface: refers to methods that remove the outer layers of the skin to yield a smoother, more even-coloured texture. These techniques are used to treat sun-damaged, weathered, or aged skin. These are useful for dealing with wrinkling of the skin, blotchiness, roughness and loss of lustre e.g. facials, microdermabrasion, chemical peels, and lasers.
  4. Redrape: refers to traditional surgical interventions that improve areas of redundant skin. Overtime and with accumulated sun damage, the skin loses its elasticity and may begin to sag. This is especially true in the lower face and neck although laxity of the brow skin and eyelids is also common. Most treatments for significant sagging of the face require surgical interventions e.g. facelifts, brow lifts, eyelid lift surgery.
  5. Removal: It is not uncommon to develop unwanted bumps, broken blood vessels, brown spots or tags on the skin, especially on the face and neck. All of these can be treated by simple removal techniques. In many cases, liposuction (removal of fat) can tighten the neck adequately without actually removing skin surgically.

Today, in the field of cosmetics, refill is much more appreciated in our approach to facial rejuvenation. Temporary fillers like hyaluronic acid (HAs) are considered the gold standard. Fillers are often combined in different areas of the face to recreate youthful contours, sometimes referred to as a “liquid facelift.” My go-to fillers for correcting hollows under the eyes, cheekbones or lips are HAs or fat. Vertical lip lines are treated with a combination of HAs and anti-wrinkle injections or laser resurfacing.

Fat transfer can be used to replace volume in most areas of the face including the temples (a much-neglected area until recently), cheeks, jawline, nasolabial folds, and marionette lines. It gives reliable, natural-looking results, and even improves the texture of the skin. Fat transfer is an easy, economical, safe, and comfortable means of volume replacement for the face. Fat is harvested from an area of excess fat such as the hip, thigh, or abdomen.

The fat is then processed and placed in small amounts to resculpt the facial contours of the face. Fat transfer is usually done under general anaesthesia. Fat is also an excellent choice for rejuvenating the hands, as it camouflages the appearance of visible tendons and dilated veins.

There are so many choices available for skin and facial rejuvenation. One can create a natural and gradual volume replacement. The “cookie cutter” approach to fillers is out. Discussing the 5 Rs and how the various techniques are used in combination for skin and facial rejuvenation can aide in maximising outcomes.

Question:  What signs of facial aging trouble women the most?  You can leave a comment below.

 

Watch Dr Tim on Channel 10’s The Sunday Project, discussing the new Brazilian Butt Lift (BBL) task force he is heading up. The task force is investigating the risks associated with the BBL procedure as well as improving patient safety.

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How Can a Brow Lift Benefit You?

Appearance is everything these days and unfortunately, the ageing process is something we all must inevitably suffer whether we like it or not. There is still hope, however, for those of us who suffer from droopy eyebrows, sagging skin or deep furrows on the forehead, in the form of a brow lift.

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If you’ve had enough of those tired and weary eyes staring back at you in the mirror each morning, a brow lift is a simple procedure that can turn back the years and restore the youthful vigour you once possessed. It’s common knowledge that when you look great, you feel great and your plastic surgeon can offer you two different brow lift techniques to reinvigorate your face.

 

Brow Lift Benefits

A brow lift has many clear benefits for patients choosing this procedure. Apart from improving your overall facial appearance, making you look more awake and less stressed, this procedure will give you an immediate confidence boost to aid you in social and work settings. When this procedure is carried out by a skilled and experienced plastic surgeon, the benefits are increased and you’ll see an improvement in regards to:

  1. Brow height, meaning you appear more alert and vital.
  2. The frown lines between the eyebrows which will lessen with the lifting of the forehead.
  3. Sagging brows which will be re-positioned to reduce the severity of the drooping over the eyelids.
  4. Forehead and nose-bridge creases. These will be reduced as the forehead is lifted.
  5. Shape of brows for women. A brow lift can give women a more aesthetically pleasing arched brow shape.
  6. Tired or irritated appearance, which will make you look more approachable and friendly.

Brow Lift Procedures

There are generally two types of brow lift procedures: The traditional brow lift and the minimal incision brow lift. The type of brow lift procedure you choose depends on the severity of your symptoms.

Traditional Brow lift

The traditional brow lift is generally more suited to patients with excess skin hanging over the upper eyelids, making your brows droop and giving you an unfriendly, angry appearance. Also known as a “temporal brow lift,” this procedure is for patients who wish to raise the outer 2/3 of the brow line. The  brow line can be raised by making a 4cm incision in the temporal region of the scalp, before removing excess skin from the scalp and lifting the brow line to give you a friendly and bright eyed appearance. The advantages of the traditional brow lift are:

  1. The forehead or brow can be lifted higher for more severe cases.
  2. The skin is more easily mobilised.

Minimal Brow Lift

Aside from the obvious benefit of reduced and inconspicuous scarring, the minimal brow lift also minimises the loss of sensation around the site of the incisions. In general, the minimal brow lift is considered more suited to younger patients as this procedure does not involve the removal of excess skin. The incisions are also much smaller than those in the traditional brow lift and are skilfully concealed within the hairline. Whilst the traditional brow lift is rarely used today due to the extensiveness of the incisions, the minimal brow lift is becoming more popular because of the following advantages:

  1. Less visible scarring
  2. Less elevation of the hairline
  3. Less numbness around the incision site
  4. Minimal hair loss
  5. Less invasive
  6. Shorter recovery times
  7. Very little bleeding

Are You a Brow Lift Candidate?

If you are fed up of looking tired and stressed out, and friends have commented on how much older you look these days, it may be the right time to opt for a brow lift. On occasion, low brows are hereditary and because of this, plastic surgeons carry out this procedure on patients younger than 30 years-old.

Recovery Time for Brow Lift Surgery

In the early stages after surgery, you may experience some mild discomfort but nothing that cannot be easily allayed with mild pain medication for up to several days after surgery. Day three is usually when bruising and swelling is at its worst and within two weeks you should be able to fully appreciate the results of the procedure.

Are there Any Risks Involved?

The risks for the brow lift procedure are minimal at worst. You may experience some bleeding or infection and in very rare cases, nerve damage or hair changes but with a skilled and trusted plastic surgeon, the risks are negligible.

If you’ve had enough of looking overworked and unapproachable, it might be time for you to seek out a professional plastic surgeon to carry out a brow lift procedure and restore your youthful gaze.

Question: What is the most annoying feature of having sagging brows? You can leave a comment below.

Facial Rejuvenation: The Five (5) S’s that causes facial skin damage

Often, I’m asked by my Facial Rejuvenation patients about how long their face lift may last. I’m reminded of the French surgeon Dr Vladimir Mitz, a pioneer in anatomy regarding facelift surgery, who told me once he had a crystal ball on his desk to answer such a question! At the time, I hadn’t appreciated how profound this idea was. It makes a lot of sense to me now. Why?

There are several factors to take into account when thinking about treating patients for facial rejuvenation. I call these “the 5 S’s” and they affect your skin and thus the face.  These are:

  1. Stress
  2. Sun
  3. Smoking
  4. Sleepless nights
  5. Sugars

Let’s just take stress’s terrible toll on the skin:

  1. Wrinkles: tensing and tightening facial muscles squeezes and pinches the overlying skin, creating wrinkles and lines.
  2. Acne: hormone receptors connected to the oil glands are triggered by stress hormones, so once they’re stimulated, the gland increases oil production, causing pimples and breakouts.
  3. Hair loss: normally, hair follicles are small and resting, or active and growing, but stress shocks the system, throwing the cycle into chaos and causing follicles to sleep longer rather than produce new hair. Once they wake up, the old hair falls out
  4. Grinding teeth: jaw tension will create lines and wrinkles as skin is pinched and collagen is broken down.
  5. Increased free radicals: stress causes blood vessels to clamp down, causing a shunting of blood away from the skin as blood focuses on internal organs.

Lack of blood leaves skin vulnerable to assault from the sun, cigarette smoke and other outside pollutants that create free radicals. As an example of what stress is capable of, we have all seen people who have lost their loved ones and 6-12 months down the track they’ve seemed to have aged 5-10 years; their skin is more wrinkled, dry and sallow looking. Imagine if you throw in the other factors like sun exposure and smoking and you can see how they can affect the longevity of a face lift. That’s why it’s like looking into a crystal ball. I say to patients that a face lift usually lasts 7-10 years if you are lucky and maintain it with regular microdermabrasion, skin peels and laser skin tightening.

Things that you can do for facial rejuvenation to improve the health of your skin is to:

  1. Use regular sunscreen to protect your skin from free radicals from the outside world.
  2. Use antioxidants either applied topically or consumed orally such as vitamins A, C, E, lycopene, CoQ10, idebenone, green tea and grape seed extract.
  3. Take Vitamin B to stimulate hair growth.
  4. Relax. Calming your central nervous system and mind to give stress hormones a chance to switch off is a good thing. Try meditation, some quiet time or exercise.
  5. Anti-wrinkle injections. These injections not only make you feel better when you look your best, but medically they help muscles relax. There is a biofeedback between muscles and the brain, so if muscles aren’t tense, the brain interprets the quietness as calm and lets its guard down.

Question:  What do you do for facial rejuvenation to prevent facial aging? You can leave a comment below.

Mommy Makeover: Combined Surgical Procedures for Today’s Moms

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After multiple pregnancies and breastfeeding, many women find it impossible for diet and exercise alone to restore their figures. Fortunately, mothers with permanently altered figures find that a Mommy Makeover is an excellent solution. The Mommy Makeover is a term for the group of cosmetic procedures that many mothers seek following pregnancy. These include the following:

  • Tummy Tuck
  • Liposuction
  • Breast Augmentation
  • Facial surgery

There are multiple variations of the Mommy Makeover, of course, and a plan must be individualised for each patient depending on their needs. Many women will not need or desire all of these procedures. Each patient determines what her personal Mommy Makeover will involve after we discuss her concerns and options in a thorough consultation.Combined Surgical Procedures

A Mommy Makeover may be performed in one or more phases. The patient’s age, health, needs and other emotional considerations. desires are all considered carefully when a plan is constructed for each patient. The majority of patients choose to do more than one procedure at a time.

Tummy Tuck

The abdomen tends to change appearance following pregnancy with stretch marks, loose skin and lower abdominal fat. The abdominal muscles may also be stretched to the point that they remain separated in the midline, accentuating the patient’s lower abdominal bulge. To treat these problems, a tummy tuck may be performed where the excess skin and fat is removed from the abdomen and the muscles are tightened.

Liposuction

After having children, fat tends to redistribute in many unwanted areas of the body. This is often true even for women who were successful at losing their baby weight. Most often, bulges of fat accumulate around the waist and on the thighs. On these areas, liposuction is frequently performed as part of a Mommy Makeover. A preferred technique is power-assisted liposuction, the safest and most effective way to remove fat from these areas.

Breast Surgery

The breasts go through dramatic changes with pregnancy and breastfeeding.  The most common breast procedures performed as part of a Mommy Makeover are:

A Mommy Makeover refers to the common group of procedures that many mothers seek after they decide not to have any more children. Many times, the operation is performed at once, but other moms prefer to do the procedures over time. In either case, it gives many mothers comfort to know that the changes they see in their bodies following pregnancy may be improved dramatically by a skilled plastic surgeon.

To learn more about what a Mommy Makeover can do for you, request a consultation online or call our Sydney clinic at 13000DRTIM.

Laser Hair Removal Mythconceptions

There is no such thing as a single “best” laser for hair removal on all patients.  The best laser for laser hair removal for each person really depends on his or her skin colour. Thus, multiple lasers exist for hair removal. Different laser types, which emit distinct wavelengths of light, are better for treating different skin types. There are a number of manufacturers that make these laser types:

  • Alexandrite lasers. These emit laser light at 755 nm. These lasers work best on lighter skin. In my opinion,  it has been the most impressive laser for hair removal for light to olive skin types.
  • Diode Lasers.  These emit light at a wavelength of 810  nm.  Lighter skin types do well with this type of laser, as do some darker skin types.
  • Nd: YAG lasers.  These emit a 1064 nm wavelength.  This laser is best for darker skin types, as the higher wavelength reaches deeper into the skin.  This helps to avoid superficial skin melanin,  which pigments our skin.
  • IPL or  Intense  Pulsed  Light. It has been used for hair removal.  Lasers emit light at one wavelength (like laser pointers in PowerPoint presentations).  IPL machines produce a range of wavelengths  (like the cone of light from a torch one sees in cartoons) and are not lasers.  So,  there  is  no  such  thing  as  an  “IPL  laser”  or  “IPL laser  hair  removal”-  it’s  a  marketing  ploy  for  businesses  that  have  IPL  machines  and  not  hair  removal  lasers (the  only  exception  to  the  rule  are  the  few  machines  out  there  that  have  both  lasers  and  IPL  machines  in them).  Several studies have shown that  IPL is not as effective as dedicated hair removal lasers, and carry a higher risk of burns, blisters, and changes in pigment.

In my experience,  the Alexandrite laser is the most effective laser for removing hair on the lighter skin, whereas the Nd: YAG is the safest and best laser for more darkly pigmented skin.  Remember,  every laser  has  a  “target.”  For hair removal lasers, the goal is to selectively target the pigment (in other words colour) which in this case is called melanin found in hair follicles.  Melanin is the reason why we have black or brown hair or shades in between.  The hair follicles are living cells which make hair below the surface of the skin.  When the melanin is selectively heated, this destroys the hair follicle cells.  The lighter the hair, the less melanin the hair follicles will have in them.  As a result, hair that is blonde, white or grey does not improve with laser hair removal.  In my practice,  I have actually seen some patients notice a decrease in lighter hairs,  but it ’s the exception and not the rule.

Melanin is also present in skin and is the cause for dark skin and suntans.  It is the same target that the hair removal laser is trying to reach in hair follicles.  Hair removal lasers may target the melanin in the skin as well as in the hair follicles which sometimes results in burns,  blisters, and change in skin pigmentation.  As a result,  lower settings and longer laser pulse times must be used for darker skin to avoid damage.  As a consequence, more overall treatment sessions will usually be necessary.

Remember, laser hair removal is a medical procedure and you should always consult with a doctor who has extensive experience in lasers and laser hair removal.  This will maximize your chances of a great result.

Thanks for reading!

Dr.  Tim  –  Sydney  Cosmetic  Plastic  Surgeon

www.cosmeticculture.com.au
www.drtim.com.au