Breast reduction: Are there different techniques and can it be combined with breast lift?

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Breast reduction surgery is designed to make the breasts smaller and lighter to alleviate the problems of symptomatic macromastia. However, the surgeon performing the breast reduction is the most important determinant of the quality of the result. There are many different techniques for breast reduction, and each surgeon has his or her own preferences based on experience and patient needs. Often, breast reduction is combined with a breast lift.

To learn more about breast reduction, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Breast Implants & Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (ALCL)- No Cause For Alarm

Breast Implant & ALCL

Only recently described, breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) usually presents as an effusion-associated fibrous capsule surrounding the implant and less frequently as a mass. Little is known about the natural history and long-term outcomes of such disease. It is estimated that between 5 and 10 million women have breast implants. Due to the rarity of a diagnosis of ALCL (3 in 100 million per year in the USA diagnosed with ALCL in the breast) a worldwide collaboration is required to provide robust data to investigate this possible link.

ALCL is a lymphoma and not cancer of the breast tissue. When breast implants are placed in the body, they are inserted behind the breast tissue or under the chest muscle. Over time, a fibrous scar called a capsule develops around the implant, separating it from the rest of the breast. In women with breast implants, the ALCL was generally found adjacent to the implant itself and contained within the fibrous capsule. ALCL is a lymphoma which is a type of cancer involving cells of the immune system. It is not cancer of the breast tissue.

The most recent clinical studies state that it is not possible to confirm with any certainty whether breast implants have any relation to an increased likelihood of developing ALCL, and particularly whether any one type of implant can create a higher or lower risk than another of developing the disease. It should be noted that ALCL is extremely rare and treatable. This is evidenced in particular by three recent papers:

  1. A Danish nationwide study – ‘Breast implants and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma: a Danish population-based cohort study’– concluded that in a nationwide cohort of 19,885 women who underwent breast implant surgery between 1973 and 2010, no cases of ALCL were identified
  2. A review of cases within another recent comprehensive article, ‘Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma: long-term follow-up of 60 patients’ concluded that: “most patients with breast implant-associated ALCL who had disease confined within the fibrous capsule achieved complete remission. Proper management for these patients may be limited to capsulectomy and implant removal. Patients who present with a mass have a more aggressive clinical course that may be fatal, justifying cytotoxic chemotherapy in addition to removal of implants.”
  3. In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Roberto N. Miranda, MD, Associate Professor in the Department of Hematopathology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues assessed disease characteristics, treatment, and outcomes in 60 cases. They found that outcomes are better in women with effusion confined by the fibrous capsule, whereas disease presenting as a mass has a more aggressive clinical course.Patients should be advised that ALCL is a very rare condition and until any further evidence is presented there is no need to remove breast implants as a matter of course.

 

These data suggest that there are two patient subsets. Most patients who present with an effusion around the implant, without a tumour mass, achieve complete remission and excellent disease-free survival. A smaller subset of patients presents with a tumour mass associated with the fibrous capsule and are more likely to have clinically aggressive disease. We suggest that patients without a mass may benefit from a conservative therapeutic approach, perhaps removal of the implant with capsulectomy alone, whereas patients with a tumour mass may need removal of the implants and systemic therapy that still needs to be defined.

 

We continue to advise that any women with breast implants who experience any sudden unexplained changes, lumps or swelling should speak to their GP or their surgeon.

Discover the Amazing Benefits of Breast Lift Surgery

We live in a world and age where more and more women want to feel appreciated, adored and loved. But unfortunately over time, their self-esteem and confidence can can be challenged when their breasts droop and lose their upper pole volume. A breast lift, also called mastopexy, can help, allowing women to regain the youthful aspect of their breasts.

 

An Annoying Process

Over time, the internal ligaments and the skin of your breasts lose its elasticity, making your breasts drop to a lower position. Aging, pregnancy, weight loss or weight gain are some of the causes that trigger this annoying and sometimes painful process. Instead of enjoying those perky and round breasts, you will have to be content with flat and broad breasts. The problem arises when you want to wear a bra. Instead of supporting your breasts, the bra will only accentuate the skin wrinkles. In the end, the only viable option you have to deal with this annoying problem is breast lift surgery.

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Benefits of Breast Lift Surgery

 

Your breasts have their own ‘personality’. In time, they lose their youthful aspect, becoming flat. This can lead to serious self-esteem problems and may affect your confidence and even relationships.

The first benefit of breast lift is that your breasts become firmer and uplifted. The position of the nipples and areolas is also enhanced. Even though the breasts are not symmetrical, they can be made more even in size and shape. Remember that your breasts are “sisters, not twins’ and there will always be a slight difference between the two sides. Although this procedure does not increase the size of your breasts, they will certainly appear perkier because they are firmer and lifted. If you combine breast lift with breast augmentation, your breasts can gain one or two cup sizes usually.

Another huge benefit of mastopexy is that it dramatically increases your self-esteem and self-confidence. Of course, this procedure won’t turn you into a celebrity, but will definitely improve your appearance, enabling you to live each day at its fullest and enjoy life again.

A breast lift procedure is relatively safe, especially when performed properly by a professional and experienced plastic surgeon and the side effects are quite uncommon. However, some women could experience scarring, infections, bleeding or loss of sensation in the nipples. Overall, more than 95% of patients who undergo a breast lift are extremely happy with the results.

 

Breast Lift Options

Because each of us is different and breast shapes vary greatly, you need an individualised plan in order to enjoy optimal breast lift results. Your plastic surgeon should be able to refine their technique and become well versed in breast lift with or without breast augmentation. They will help you choose the right surgical option for your needs. Generally speaking, you will have to decide between using an implant (augmentation mastopexy) vs no implant (breast lift only) and full incision (‘lollipop’ or ‘anchor’) vs short incision (within the breast fold).

 

Areola and Nipples

Breast lift is aimed to relocate your nipples to a higher position, restoring the original breast projection. The breast shape and contour are therefore enhanced. When evaluating your breast, your plastic surgeon will takes into account the position and size of the areola. The areola is usually altered in size in order to achieve optimal proportions with the new raised nipples and to maintain the youthful aspect of your breasts.

 

Short Recovery Period

Recovery is generally swift for a breast lift. Most women need less than a week to recover before returning to work and 2 weeks for the incision to heal. The scars fade away to a pencil thin, white line in about 12 to 18 months.

 

Get a Consultation

The best way to understand how a breast lift works and to grasp its benefits is to have a consultation with your plastic surgeon. They can explain the difference between various treatment options and can offer you precious insights on how to make sure you enjoy a short recovery period.

 Question: What is the most challenging aspect of having droop breasts? You can leave a comment below. 

Breast Augmentation Part 1 of 4: The Patient

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There are generally three groups of women who frequently consider breast augmentation:

1) Nature ”missed a beat” during breast development

This usually occurs during puberty where the breasts may not develop at all or slightly, resulting in a ”bowling pin” type of a look. Apart from making one feel inadequate because their is a disconnect between the narrower chest to the wider hips, it also makes it difficult buying clothes that fit. Some people revert to using fillers and enhancers but they can never seem to compensate, are temporary measures, and they never feel a natural part of you like breast augmentation. Breasts can also develop unevenly during puberty, causing both difficulty in buying and wearing clothes, as well as, making one feel abnormal or a ”freak”.

2) Nature ”took a toll” during pregnancy and breast feeding

During these times, the breast enlarges and deflates repeatedly. This cycle stretches the breast skin especially in the lower pole, resulting in stretch marks. After breast feeding, the breast tissue itself may ”melt away” (especially in the upper pole), sometimes to a size less than before pregnancy. However, the skin never shrinks back to its original size, therefore, the breasts will appear saggy (think of the skin like an overstretched elastic band which frays at the edges). This is where a breast augmentation and/or a breast lift (mastopexy) can be of great benefit to restore the shape, size and contour of the breasts to the pre-pregnancy state.

3) Nature ”didn’t match desires” of women who want to enhance the shape and appearance of their breasts

Some women want to be the best they can be. Others have developed unattractive breasts or have uneven breasts that makes buying clothes difficult. Still others want to ”marry” or improve the balance between their chest with their hips. Breast augmentation to enhance the chest further or balance the hips can make an enormous difference to ones’ body shape and self-esteem.

Women who fall into any one of the above groups have every right to want to optimise any aspect of their breast appearance. If this involves breast augmentation, then she needs to also think about:

  1. The Procedure
  2. The Surgeon
  3. The Facility

These factors will be individually discussed in subsequent blog posts. Remember that no choice(s) is perfect and that every choice has trade-offs (you need to know them) as well as benefits. Therefore, choose carefully.

Question: What are your reasons for wanting to have breast augmentation? You can leave a comment below.

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One of the amazing things about recovering from breast reduction surgery is how quickly patients experience relief from their symptoms. The morning after surgery many patients already feel symptomatic relief, even though their recovery has just begun. Many comment that they even breathe easier when they no longer have so much weight on their chests.

Recovery from a breast reduction tends to be quick because it does not involve the underlying muscles, bones or internal organs. Most women will need:

  1. A few days to recover before returning to work
  2. A month for the incisions to heal before resuming exercise
  3. A year to 18 months for the scars to fade to a subtle colour

To learn more about breast reduction, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

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There are many reasons why women seek breast augmentation. Some women feel that increasing their breast size will give them greater self-confidence. Others would like to feel more proportional between their top and bottom so they fit better into their clothing. Mothers frequently seek breast augmentation to restore what was lost with breastfeeding and ageing. Supporting loose skin and giving upper breast fullness are also common reasons for choosing breast enlargement.

Good communication with patients in breast augmentation is key. There’s a need to review their medical histories and ask patients what their goals are for breast augmentation. In some cases, it is a modest increase in size to fit better in their clothing. Other times it’s a significant increase in volume to change their look. A patient may desire an improved breast shape or, possibly, better symmetry is their goal. Still others may want to restore their pre-pregnancy figure and may choose to combine their augmentation with a breast lift or other procedures.

On examining the patient, one needs to consider many features including breast volume, width, height, nipple position, areola size, ribcage curvature, skin tone, droopiness, asymmetry, and crease position. Breasts are highly variable, and I help the patient understand what their best options are based on their physical characteristics. We then come to a common agreement about what our goal will be. Remember, that “breast are sisters, not twins” so more often than not there is quite some variation between the two breasts so you can’t expect a perfect match following breast augmentation.

When the patient returns for their pre-operative visit, typically 1-3 weeks before surgery, I have them look through many digital photographs of breasts to show me their desired result. If there is a discrepancy between what we have discussed and what the patient is showing me with pictures, I’ll identify the difference and sort out what they really want, often using the 3D VECTRA which can simulate what the breasts may look like after augmentation. At the end of our meeting, I’m fairly confident that I understand what the patient desires. Likewise, the patient feels comfortable with our communication and our plan.

The photographs are then brought with me to the operating room. When the patient is asleep, I create the pockets for the implants on each of the breasts, and I occasionally use implant sizers to confirm the volume and shape of the optimal breast implants for the patient. Most patients are back to work and most of their usual routine in several days or up to a week. Strenuous exercise should be avoided for several weeks.

To learn more about breast augmentations, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

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Breast reduction surgery patients are among the happiest of all plastic surgery patients because they both look better and feel better following surgery. When women have large, burdensome breasts, they frequently suffer from a condition called symptomatic macromastia. Symptomatic macromastia is considered to be a medical problem that may include the following symptoms:

  1. Pain in the neck, shoulders, breasts, and upper or lower back
  2. Bra strap indentations
  3. Rashes underneath the breasts
  4. Finger or hand numbness
  5. Difficultly exercising, fitting into clothing or examining the breasts

To learn more about breast reduction, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Breast Reduction for Symptomatic Macromastia

Breast reduction surgery patients are among the happiest  because they both look and feel better following surgery. When women have large, burdensome breasts, they frequently suffer from a condition called symptomatic macromastia which may include the following symptoms:

  1. Pain in the neck, shoulders, breasts, and upper or lower back
  2. Bra strap indentations
  3. Rashes underneath the breasts (intertrigo)
  4. Little finger numbness
  5. Difficultly exercising, fitting into clothing or examining the breasts

Breast reduction surgery is designed to make the breasts smaller and lighter to alleviate the problems of symptomatic macromastia. However, the plastic surgeon performing the breast reduction is the most important determinant of the quality of the result. There are many different techniques for breast reduction, and each surgeon has their own preferences based on experience and patient needs. Often, breast reduction is combined with a breast lift on the other side.

Techniques

There are basically 2 types of techniques used commonly throughout the world:

  1. Wise Pattern (also known as the “Inverted T” or Anchor Scar) describe a technique with a scar around the areola with a vertical scar extending downwards to a horizontal scar in the breast fold.
  2. Vertical (also known as the Circumvertical or “Lollipop” Scar) describe a technique with a scar around the areola with a vertical scar extending downwards to meet the breast fold.

The choice depends on the extent of ptosis (sagging) and the surgeon’s experience. Liposuction is commonly used with the Vertical techniques and less frequently with the Wise pattern except to remove unwanted fatty tissue from the armpit regions.

Medicare & Health funds

Breast reduction surgery is considered to be medically necessary if a patient suffers from symptomatic macromastia. The typical criteria for Medicare Item no. coverage of a breast reduction include: bothersome symptoms detrimental to quality of life, failure of medical therapy prescribed by another doctor, physiotherapist or chiropractor, and removal of a minimum estimated weight of breast tissue.

Most health funds  will cover this procedure for patients with these symptoms if they have attempted conservative medical treatment without success. Most commonly, this conservative medical treatment is provided by a GP, physiotherapist or chiropractor. Typically, there is a minimum weight of breast tissue that must be removed from each breast to qualify as a medically necessary breast reduction for health fund coverage. The best way to determine if your procedure is medically indicated is in a consultation with me at the clinic.

Recovery

One of the best things about recovering from breast reduction surgery is how quickly patients experience relief from their symptoms. The morning after surgery many patients already feel symptomatic relief, even though their recovery has just begun. Many comment that they even breathe easier when they no longer have so much weight on their chests.

Recovery from a breast reduction tends to be quick because it does not involve the underlying muscles, bones or internal organs. Most women will need a few days to recover before returning to work, up to 2 weeks for the incisions to heal before resuming exercise and 12-18 months for the scars to fade to a subtle colour.

To learn more about your breast reduction options and whether or not you are a candidate, email us at info@drtim.com.au or call our clinic at 13000DRTIM .

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Breast reduction surgery is considered to be medically necessary if a patient suffers from symptomatic macromastia. The typical criteria for health fund coverage of a breast reduction include: bothersome symptoms detrimental to quality of life, failure of medical therapy prescribed by another doctor, and removal of a minimum estimated weight of breast tissue.

Most health funds will cover this procedure for patients with these symptoms if they have attempted conservative medical treatment without success. The best way to determine if your procedure is medically indicated is in a consultation with me at the clinic.

To learn more about breast reduction, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Breast Augmentation Part 2 of 4: The Procedure

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The things you need to know to make better choices regarding breast augmentation are the following:

1) Match your desires with reality

The surgeon can only work with the tissues you bring him. If you want the best result, you have to balance what you want with what the tissues will allow you to have and what they can support over time. Also, no woman has two breasts that are the same, and no surgeon can create two breasts exactly the same. Cup size is extremely variable and inconsistent from one brand of bra to another and women buy a bra that they can fill (or to push breast tissue where they want it to go to create a specific appearance), not necessarily a bra that fits. Last of all, the bigger the breast you request (ie. the bigger the breast augmentation), the worse it will look over time and you can’t pick out a breast from a book or magazine and expect the same result unless the woman in the picture looked exactly like you before surgery.

2) Know about the implants

Breast implants are not perfect, don’t last forever, and require some maintenance. If you can’t accept these facts, don’t have a breast augmentation. If you do, then you need to think about:

  1. Implant pocket location. Implants can be placed in front of, or behind muscle. There is less capsular contracture rates when the implant is placed behind the muscle and you can obtain better or more accurate mammograms too. Also, in thin women, behind the muscle is preferable because adequate tissue coverage is most important. Think when you lie in bed, if you are covered by a bed sheet only, then one can see the contours of your body a lot beer, than if you were to be covered by a doona, they are less distinct. Having said that, an implant placed in front of the muscle will always more predictably control breast shape. How do you decide whether to go in front or behind the muscle? If you pinch the breast tissue in the upper pole and it’s < 2 cm, consider going beneath the muscle, otherwise, you run risks of seeing the edges of the implant. One aspect that often gets overlooked is the way the pocket is created. Blunt dissection techniques are fast and efficient but create more tissue trauma, tear tissues, create more bleeding, and result in longer recovery time. Electrocautery dissection techniques use an electric current to seal blood vessels and are thus, less traumatic and have shorter recovery times.
  2. Implant shape. Shapes of implants can either be round or tear drop (anatomical). There is a trend today of women wanting more upper pole fullness and therefore opting for round implants. Given that the breast is constantly evolving and that over time there is loss of upper pole fullness as the breast tissue ”melts away”, breast augmentation with round implants may be a good option for maintaining upper pole fullness in the long term. The other added advantage is that if it rotates, it doesn’t affect the shape of the breast. In contrast, a tear drop implant which is fuller at the bottom and tapers at the top, will give an odd shape to the breast if it does rotate. However, breast augmentation with tear drop implants may be better in women who have odd shaped chests (either long or wide for example) because you can tailor the dimensions of the implant more specifically to fit the breast ”foot print” on the chest. Tear drop implants may also be beneficial in women with mild sagging breasts who do not want scars on their breast from elevating the nipple. The tear drop implants have a ”bucket-handle” effect on the nipple, elevating them to a higher position on the breast.
  3. Implant surface (or shell)The surface of the implant is made of a silicone rubber and can be textured or smooth. Textured implants have a lower risk of capsular contracture than smooth implants.
  4. Implant ”stuffing”. The stuffing or filler of the implant can be silicone or saline. Saline is salt-water and is harmless if the implant ruptures. It’s biggest disadvantage is rippling and that it takes up the ambient temperature, so that if you went to the beach for a swim, when you get out, your implants will feel cold. Silicone gel filler on the other hand is more natural, more predictable and it is safe. There are grades of silicone gel that range from ”jelly” consistency to that of ”gummy bears”.
  5. Implant size. Remember, the larger the implant, the more tradeoffs and risks you’ll encounter, especially long term.
  6. Incision location. The scar can be placed in three areas. The breast fold incision offers the best degree of control for the wide range of breast types and is the the commonest type used by far. The periareolar incision (around the nipple-areola) usually heals well because it’s located in thinner skin but is limited and can’t be used if the areola is not large enough for access. The biggest problem is the increased exposure of the implant to bacteria if any of the breast ducts were to be cut. The armpit (axillary) incision places no scar on the breast but takes longer to perform and harder to control the position of the breast fold.

3) Get well acquainted with the tradeoffs, problems and risks

Tradeoffs always depend on the details of each specific case, the characteristics of your tissues , the experience of your surgeon with different options. Every breast augmentation operation carries inherent risks and medical complications are not totally preventable by you or your surgeon. Remember, don’t have a breast augmentation unless you thoroughly understand and accept the potential risks and trade-offs of the procedure.

4) Know about the recovery

The more tissue trauma caused by your surgery, the longer and more difficult your recovery. That is why it takes longer to recover from a pocket created behind the muscle. Excessively large implants can produce excessive stretch marks that cause more discomfort and temporary or permanent sensory loss. Most women return back to normal duties within four weeks and athletic activities by six weeks.

 

Question: Do you think that the benefits far outweigh the trade-offs for breast augmentation? You can leave a comment below.