Breast Augmentation: Where are the Incisions and Implants Located?

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Most plastic surgeons favour the infra-mammary incision location for most breast implants. The peri-areolar incision is made as a semicircle at the lower border of the pigmented areola. It does heal beautifully in most cases and uses the interface of the darker and lighter pigmented skin to camouflage the incision. For patients with small areolae, it may be preferable to use the infra-mammary incision, located underneath the breast. This incision also heals very well, and is especially useful for women with well defined creases under their breasts.

The axillary incision (in the armpit) is another option, but it’s better suited for saline implants than silicone gel. Because this access incision is a greater distance from the implant pocket, it’s less precise than the peri-areolar and infra-mammary approaches. Studies have confirmed that there is a higher implant revision rate using the axillary approach. Usually the axillary scars heal well, but they may still be visible when the patient wears sleeveless outfits. There is also a higher rate of breast implant infections with the peri-areolar and axillary approaches.

Patients frequently ask what effect the incision location has on maintaining nipple sensation after surgery. The answer is that the access incision usually has little effect on nipple sensation. Rather, it’s the size of the implant pocket that has the largest impact on nipple sensation. Large implants may require a pocket that stretches the nerves to the point that they do not function well, increasing the odds of impaired nipple sensation. Even so, the vast majority of my patients maintain normal nipple sensation.

Breast implants may be placed over or under the pectoralis major muscle. In the early days of breast augmentation, all implants were placed on top of the muscle. However, in recent decades, it has become more common to place implants underneath the pectoralis major muscle. The muscle covers the top half of the implant, providing additional thickness of coverage over the implant in the critical cleavage area. This makes it less likely that the implant edges or ripples will be visible when wearing a bra or swimsuit. Studies have also shown that the rate of capsular contracture is lower when the implants are placed under the muscle. Breast imaging to screen for breast cancer is more accurate when the implants are placed behind the muscle. For these reasons, I prefer to place implants underneath the muscle for most of my breast implant patients.

 

To learn more about breast augmentations, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Body Lift: What is it?

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A body lift is designed to tighten the skin of a patient all the way around their body. The improvements may be dramatic like the patient above. Patients who benefit from this surgery have typically lost a large amount of weight and have significant deformity from skin laxity. The body lift may address the lower body or the upper torso.

To learn more about body lifts, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

The Benefits of Breast Asymmetry Correction

Almost every woman on the planet has one breast that is fairly different from the other. For some women though, the discrepancy can be extreme with noticeable differences in size and shape between the two breasts.

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Breast asymmetry will come in different shapes and sizes, but what remains constant is the problems they cause. Breast asymmetry will not only make finding bras that fit and clothes that hide the asymmetry a hassle, but will also impact negatively on a woman’s self-esteem and confidence.

Breast asymmetry correction is one the most recurring problems I face as a plastic surgeon specialising in breasts. During initial consultations, I often find that some patients are not even aware of their own breasts being asymmetrical. To facilitate proper planning so as to improve the outcome of surgery, these differences have to be identified early in the procedure.

Breast asymmetry types

1. Congenital Breast Asymmetry.

This means that the difference in the size of your breast is innate: it is as old as your breasts and has been becoming more conspicuous with their growth and development. There are several reasons why patients have these preexisting differences between their breasts. They include:
– Differences in breast volume
– Differences in areola size and/or position
– Rib cage (chest wall) asymmetries, as in pectus excavatum or scoliosis
– Differences in the positioning of the breast fold crease.

2. Post Surgical Breast Asymmetry

There are several conditions that would lead to development of breast asymmetry several years after a breast surgery procedure has been done on a patient; an example of such an operation is breast augmentation. This conditions include:
– Capsule contracture
– The breast tissue may be drooping
– Implant position movement
– Areolas getting stretched.

Breast asymmetry correction

There are several techniques that can be used to correct this problem and help you feel comfortable and more confident in how you look.  The first and most important step in breast asymmetry corrections is the determination of the ideal breast size for you. I work very closely with my patients to help them make this essential decision. Important questions asked at this stage are; whether smaller breasts need to be enlarged with implants, or whether larger breasts should be reduced in size for example.

In some cases, the best results can be achieved by doing the same thing to both breasts. For example; a patient with very large breasts can have both reduced with one breast being reduced more than the other to make up the difference. Where the patient has small breasts, augmentation can be done on both with one being augmented more than the other. The important thing here is to make sure that the final breasts have roughly the same amount of implant volume or breast tissue after the procedure. It’s only then that you will be able to enjoy relatively same sized breasts.

Customised treatment plan

Unlike other breast cosmetic surgeries, breast asymmetry is a more difficult procedure to perform. It thus requires careful planning, thought and consideration well in advance before the procedure. This is where the surgeons experience is crucial as they will help the patient make the smallest of decisions that will together determine the overall success of the procedure. As they say: ‘the devil is in the detail.’

Since patients have several options to choose from, I take the time to go through each option with my patients. I will help the patient make the best decision by outlining the best available options for their particular condition so as to achieve the best results. Being a trusted adviser, it’s my goal to make sure that all my patients fully understand the implications their decisions will have on their well-being and to help them choose wisely.

Implant options

If we do decide that the implant method is the best solution for your problem, you will be able to get access to a wide range of implants that are guaranteed to suit your needs. We have access to the newest generation of implants available in different styles and sizes at my patients’ disposal.

Breast asymmetry surgery is one of the most challenging breast procedures. Diligence, communication and surgeon experience are all crucial ingredients for the best results.

 

Question: What do you find are the most difficult challenges with breast asymmetry? You can leave a comment below.

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Breast reduction surgery is designed to make the breasts smaller and lighter to alleviate the problems of symptomatic macromastia. However, the surgeon performing the breast reduction is the most important determinant of the quality of the result. There are many different techniques for breast reduction, and each surgeon has his or her own preferences based on experience and patient needs. Often, breast reduction is combined with a breast lift.

To learn more about breast reduction, request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

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Candidates for an abdominoplasty (tummy tuck) have some or all of the following problems:

  1. Loose skin on the lower abdomen
  2. Stretch marks on the lower abdominal
  3. Abdominal muscle laxity
  4. Pubic laxity

Good abdominoplasty candidates should be healthy non-smokers. Avoiding smoking is important to decrease risks. Although it’s better for patients to be near their ideal weight, many patients who are overweight are still good candidates for the procedure.

To learn more about abdominoplasty (tummy tuck), request a consultation by contacting us at 13000DRTIM or emailing us at info@drtim.com.au 

Is CoolSculpting® An Alternative To Liposuction?

CoolSculpting is a non-invasive, clinically proven procedure to selectively reduce fat layers in problem areas using a patented cooling technology. It is a safe procedure that gently cools unwanted fat cells in the body to induce a natural, controlled elimination of fat cells. This reduces bulges in treated areas of the body without harming surrounding tissue.

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Facial Rejuvenation: The Five (5) S’s that causes facial skin damage

Often, I’m asked by my Facial Rejuvenation patients about how long their face lift may last. I’m reminded of the French surgeon Dr Vladimir Mitz, a pioneer in anatomy regarding facelift surgery, who told me once he had a crystal ball on his desk to answer such a question! At the time, I hadn’t appreciated how profound this idea was. It makes a lot of sense to me now. Why?

There are several factors to take into account when thinking about treating patients for facial rejuvenation. I call these “the 5 S’s” and they affect your skin and thus the face.  These are:

  1. Stress
  2. Sun
  3. Smoking
  4. Sleepless nights
  5. Sugars

Let’s just take stress’s terrible toll on the skin:

  1. Wrinkles: tensing and tightening facial muscles squeezes and pinches the overlying skin, creating wrinkles and lines.
  2. Acne: hormone receptors connected to the oil glands are triggered by stress hormones, so once they’re stimulated, the gland increases oil production, causing pimples and breakouts.
  3. Hair loss: normally, hair follicles are small and resting, or active and growing, but stress shocks the system, throwing the cycle into chaos and causing follicles to sleep longer rather than produce new hair. Once they wake up, the old hair falls out
  4. Grinding teeth: jaw tension will create lines and wrinkles as skin is pinched and collagen is broken down.
  5. Increased free radicals: stress causes blood vessels to clamp down, causing a shunting of blood away from the skin as blood focuses on internal organs.

Lack of blood leaves skin vulnerable to assault from the sun, cigarette smoke and other outside pollutants that create free radicals. As an example of what stress is capable of, we have all seen people who have lost their loved ones and 6-12 months down the track they’ve seemed to have aged 5-10 years; their skin is more wrinkled, dry and sallow looking. Imagine if you throw in the other factors like sun exposure and smoking and you can see how they can affect the longevity of a face lift. That’s why it’s like looking into a crystal ball. I say to patients that a face lift usually lasts 7-10 years if you are lucky and maintain it with regular microdermabrasion, skin peels and laser skin tightening.

Things that you can do for facial rejuvenation to improve the health of your skin is to:

  1. Use regular sunscreen to protect your skin from free radicals from the outside world.
  2. Use antioxidants either applied topically or consumed orally such as vitamins A, C, E, lycopene, CoQ10, idebenone, green tea and grape seed extract.
  3. Take Vitamin B to stimulate hair growth.
  4. Relax. Calming your central nervous system and mind to give stress hormones a chance to switch off is a good thing. Try meditation, some quiet time or exercise.
  5. Anti-wrinkle injections. These injections not only make you feel better when you look your best, but medically they help muscles relax. There is a biofeedback between muscles and the brain, so if muscles aren’t tense, the brain interprets the quietness as calm and lets its guard down.

Question:  What do you do for facial rejuvenation to prevent facial aging? You can leave a comment below.

Supplements and Cosmetic Surgery

Herbal supplements and vitamins are known to have a significant and measurable effect on promoting wound healing, reducing bruising,  enhancing immunity, and reducing oxidation caused by both surgery and anaesthetic drugs. However, these supplements are still drugs that could cause dangerous side effects during cosmetic surgery. About 50% of cosmetic surgery patients take supplements (usually more than one), but often do not tell their surgeons because they assume they are safe.  Some  of  the  most  popular  herbal  supplements  taken  are  chondroitin,  echinacea, and  glucosamine:

  • Chondroitin is often used to treat osteoarthritis.  People using chondroitin may suffer from bleeding complications during surgery, particularly when used in combination with doctor-prescribed blood-thinning medications (like warfarin).
  • Echinacea is often used for the prevention and treatment of viral, bacterial and fungal infections, as well as chronic wounds, ulcers, and arthritis.  However, it can trigger immunosuppression, causing poor wound healing and infection.
  • Glucosamine, often offered in conjunction with chondroitin, contains chemical elements that mimic human insulin, and may artificially cause low blood sugars during surgery.

Other common supplements taken by patients that may cause thinning of the blood are the “4  Gs”  (gingko biloba, garlicginseng, and ginger), fish oils and Vitamin E.

Cosmetic surgery should be viewed with the same care and concern as heart or brain surgery. Everything we do is important for our patients, so every precaution and safety should be taken to minimise complications from surgery and anaesthesia. Remember, we need your help and cooperation at all times.  Advise us of every drug you take, prescribed and non-prescribed and cease taking any blood thinning agents 2 weeks prior to surgery unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

Thanks for reading!

Dr. Tim  –  Sydney  Cosmetic  Plastic  Surgeon

www.cosmeticculture.com.au
www.drtim.com.au

Dangers of Excessive Weight Loss

Many women that I see for body contouring usually have tried exercise and dieting to some extent or other prior to resorting to liposuction or surgery. A minority of women have taken drastic measures like excessive gymming or starvation diets to try and fit into single digit or low teen dress sizes. This can, however, cause irreparable health problems like the following:

  • no menstrual cycle or abnormal menstruation in women.
  • prevent women from becoming pregnant.
  • cause premature delivery, the birth of low-weight babies who are also undernourished.
  • loss of libido due to suppression of Follicle  Stimulating  Hormone (FSH) and other secondary sex hormones in the brain.
  • suppress the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which is responsible for the release of sex hormones
  • anorexia or poor nutrition can lead to osteoporosis.

My advice is that no weight loss or fitness program should be undertaken without the direct supervision of your doctor.  Whether you should lose weight, how much you should lose and how you should lose it are decisions that should be made by a medical professional, who may need to refer you to a nutritionist or endocrinologist for further work-up and counseling.  If you want to lose weight and keep it off, your doctor must be part of the equation.

Thanks for reading!

Dr. Tim  –  Sydney Cosmetic Plastic Surgeon

www.cosmeticculture.com.au
www.drtim.com.au

 

This middle aged lady underwent a Body Lift following massive weight loss of 70kg with diet and exercise alone. DrTim demonstrates the 2 phases of the operation- starting on the back by removing excess tissue and lifting the buttock region and finishing on the front by further excising tissue, performing a lateral thigh lift, tightening the separated rectii muscles and reconstructing the belly button. The B & As show a much better contoured torso with an improved waistline.

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